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初學英文遇到D問題,希望指教一下, 先謝

What’s your favourite colour? 呢個問句邊個係主語?邊個係賓語? 
My favourite colour is red. 定係 Red is my favourite colour.

There aren't enough chairs for everybody to sit down. 
可唔可以話to sit on?意思係坐在凳上,係咪都解得通?

Mary isn’t at home. She has gone away for a few days. 
點解係gone away?唔係been away?



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原帖由 je222 於 2019-1-7 07:44 PM 發表

初學英文遇到D問題,希望指教一下, 先謝

What’s your favourite colour? 呢個問句邊個係主語?邊個係賓語?
My favourite colour is red. 定係 Red is my favourite colour.

There aren't enough chairs for everybody to sit down.& ...
1.  「My favourite colour is red」 或 「Red is my favourite colour」意思都一樣,沒有分別。
「is」是「Linking Verb/Link Verb」。
「is」後面的「red」或 「my favourite colour」是「Subject Complement」,不是Object 賓語/受詞」。
「is」前面的「My Favourite」或 「Red」是「Subject 主語」。

不妨參考一下以下鏈結。

Linking Verbs (Link Verbs)

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/english-grammar/link-verbs

https://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-linking-verbs.html


Subject complements
https://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2guides/guides/hyper/index-fra.html?lang=fra&page=objcompl.html

2.  「There aren't enough chairs for everybody to sit down」 跟 「There aren't enough chairs for everybody to sit on」意思都一樣,沒有分別。
硬要找出不同,只會自尋煩惱!


3.  
A  Mary isn't at home. She has gone away for a few days.
B  Mary isn’t at home. She has been away for a few days.
C  Mary isn’t at home. She is away for a few days.

對我來說,上面三句(A,B,C)意思都一樣,印像中,C 的寫法較常見。

[ 本帖最後由 sandtrack02 於 2019-1-8 12:29 PM 編輯 ]



1. both answers are correct and mean the same.
2. needless to say, chair is used for sitting. so “to sit down” is really unnecessary.  
3. don't know what's the difference, but i prefer "been away"



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引用:
原帖由 je222 於 2019-1-7 07:44 PM 發表

初學英文遇到D問題,希望指教一下, 先謝

What’s your favourite colour? 呢個問句邊個係主語?邊個係賓語?
My favourite colour is red. 定係 Red is my favourite colour.

There aren't enough chairs for everybody to sit down.& ...
Sit down 係叫人做出「向人坐」的動作。句子係要connect 個chair同個人,所以需要preposition on.

至於會gone away 同 been away 冇乜分別。go係action verb, be係relative verb, 兩者唔同的,如果句子需要標明go這個動作咪用gone away.囉。



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