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狗免疫系統
狗疫苗
抗藥性overuse 在狗
什麼是Homeopathy?
草本寵物療程
草本補救
Ω3 和-6 脂肪酸
抗生素- 暗藏的危險
茶樹油為寵物療程
類固醇
氨基葡萄糖Sulphate
水療法的好處 (狗)
秀麗神話: BOTOX 殺害動物
關於接種資訊和關心










關於疫苗抗體
營養和免疫系統
老化過程& 我們怎麼能幫助   
狗和貓看見什麼?
BARF 飲食
自然寵物營養: BARF
脂肪酸為過敏& 乾性皮膚在狗
犬針刺醫學
花植物補救在動物中
甲狀腺問題在狗
NEEM 在獸醫用途
Ehrlichiosis 疾病
腎臟疾病
二甲氧基苯青黴素抗性
犬出生病毒疾病










抗發炎藥物
FOODBORNE AFLATOXICOSIS
尿分析的重要性
什麼是Addison 的疾病
危害健康從蚤和壁虱產品
甲狀腺
膀胱癌
糖尿病
BARTONELLOSIS疾病
帚形菌屬OTITIS EXTERNA
淋巴球過多症
鈣混亂 CALCIUM DISORDERS
犬貧血症
標準根運河療法 STANDARD ROOT CANAL THERAPY  
重要PULPOTOMY VITAL PULPOTOMY  











一般Patellar Luxation 資訊
先天心臟病疾病體檢
退化聯接疾病(骨關節炎)
關節炎& 其它聯合疾病的起因和管理
Lumbosacral 狹窄(Cauda Equina 綜合症狀)
Luxating 臏骨 Luxating Patella  
白內障   Cataracts
攝護腺擴大 Prostate Enlargement   
Osteosarcoma (骨癌)
腫瘤  
狗瘟 Distemper   
青光眼  Glaucoma
注意眼睛上的顏色變化Pigmented Ocular Masses
系統高血壓   Systemic Hypertension
視網膜退化    Retinal Degeneration





  





Scleritis 和 Episcleritis
角膜潰瘍  Persistent Corneal Ulcers
多個骨髓瘤-- 視覺顯示
心臟病
二尖瓣不足: 心力衰竭的起因
Health & Veterinary Care for Older Dogs
腎臟疾病: 治療
完全血液計數(CBC)
腎臟疾病: 起因、標誌, 和診斷
真菌感染
化學測試  Chemistry Panels & Tests
癲癇症  Epilepsy & Seizures
抗氧劑作為防腐劑在狗食裡
Myasthenia gravis   
狗窩咳嗽  Kennel Cough












Laryngeal 痲痺   
氣管崩潰  Tracheal Collapse
Herpes 病毒傳染
心臟解剖學& 發展
呼吸系統的解剖學& 作用
Hemodialysis 為伴侶動物
肛門封墊(Sacs) Anal Glands (Sacs)  
Trombiculiasis (Chiggers)   
Pneumonyssoides (鼻小蜘蛛)   
Demodectic Mange   
Cushing 的疾病(Hyperadrenocorticism)   
睪丸腫瘤
牙冠療法
NON-VITAL (DEAD) TEETH   
牙齒預防(清潔)











ENDODONTIC 疾病   
下頜破裂
ORAL-NASAL FISTULA   
正牙學器具
牙周疾病
先天心臟病疾病體檢
VITAL PULPOTOMY  
一般手肘發育異常資訊
Osteochondritis Dissecans   
類風濕病的關節炎(免疫斡旋的疾病)  
Ruptured Anterior Cruciate Ligament   
泌尿無節制 Urinary Incontinence   
白內障分類
Osteosarcoma (骨癌)
白內障手術









腎臟移植
Coccidia (球蟲病): 腹瀉的起因
雄激素小組促合成類固醇
Baylisascaris procyonis (Raccoon Roundworm)  
腎小球性腎炎 Glomerulonephritis   
銅存貯疾病(銅Hepatotoxicosis)
對脊髓作用的Electrophysiological 評估
NEUROMUSCULAR 混亂影響幼小狗和貓   
EXTERNAL FIXATOR TO CORRECT SPINAL FRACTURE/LUXATION   
Cervicothoracic 脊髓綜合症狀聯繫了 Ehrlichia canis
狗 顯示KL5UVER-BUCY SYNDROME-LIKE 行為
Megakaryocytes 在狗   
Opioids-- 鎮痛藥可利用   
NSAID 為慢性地痛苦的患者   
KETAMINE-鎮痛藥藥物
   









血壓管理
ISOPATHIC-HOMOEOPATHIC 治療
飲食建議為狗
草本為動物(PAT 1 )   
草本為動物(PAT 2)   
自然變質藥對疫苗
手術和自然療法
類固醇 | Heartworm | 接種 | 抗生素
家庭寵物補救
Euthansia 和正確的時間
Cancer and Auto-Immune   
TTouch 療法   
咳嗽的評估在狗以心臟
心力衰竭的臨床方法
慢性Valvular 心臟病在狗









似犬心肌病Canine Cardiomyopathy   
打噴嚏和Snorting
呼吸困難和咳嗽在小動物
呼吸道Endoscopy.A 視覺評估
細菌肺炎的診斷和管理
犬慢性支氣管炎診斷和療法   
肺真菌病 Pulmonary Mycoses
慢性腹瀉Chronic Diarrhea   
為什麼臨床工作者應該使用他們
處理的慢性痛苦: NSAIDs Managing Chronic Pain: The NSAIDs   
狗和貓在感染腹瀉診斷
犬和貓的食道瘤形成
藥物和肝臟病
溶血貧血症診斷
溶血貧血症的管理












食道藥物效力
Hypercalcemia 在狗: 對診斷和治療的方法  
治療複雜的糖尿病
犬甲狀腺機能不足
臨床Hemopoiesis Clinical Hemopoiesis   
臨床分析儀 Errors and Pitfalls Associated with Clinical Analyzers   
血液學分析儀
緊急呼吸評估
通風筒導致的傷害
斷絕從通風的支持
Coagulopathies𣶷OTAL
物理療法在獸醫方面
令人沮喪脊髓疾病
Cranio 大腦精神創傷
大腦和髓心非創傷血管疾病














獸醫脊髓手術
骨髓和它的解釋的實際應用
子宮頸椎骨的透視
頭蓋骨Cruciate 短少
動物按摩脊柱治療  
口頭解剖學和繪製
犬眼睛的被繼承的疾病
眼科考試
視覺表面的疾病
眼疾病和手術
Glaucoma.Is 有效的治療
切片檢查法原則和外科腫瘤學
放射治療
犬淋巴瘤預斷因素和治療
關心在動物腫瘤學方面






內分泌瘤形成的管理
介紹畸齒矯正術
一種可移動的正牙學器具為狗  
口頭射線照相和影片解釋
牙齒預防
牙周疾病的治療
基本技術在牙提取
牙周療法
外科提取
緊急Endodontics 和Pulpotomy Emergency
標準Endodontic 技術
飲食的作用在牙周疾病
Endodontic 解剖學和診斷
打開尖頂Endodontics
Dentigerous 囊腫在狗






Odontogenic 腫瘤
牙撕裂
牙發展干擾
口頭Proliferative 損害在狗
去骨Augmentation.SOTAL
牙齒材料
補齒術
冠加長
鼻和靜脈竇疾病
口頭腫瘤手術
口頭腫瘤
口頭破裂修理
麻醉的神經塊和口頭痛覺缺失
食物過敏在狗
Sebaceous 腺炎






獸醫皮膚學方面
COXOFEMORAL LUXATION 的治療的一個新技術在狗  
BETA-AMINOPROPIONITRIL 的作用
OMENTECTOMY 的評估在狗  
泌尿和清液蛋白質改變在狗  
一項HISTOPATHOLOGIC 研究  
狗和它的重要在糖尿病的管理  
脛骨被延遲的聯合的治療  
Malassezia 皮炎在狗  
蚤過敏療法Dermatitis.SOTAL  
犬遺傳性過敏症  



[ 本帖最後由 minibabyqq 於 2007-2-1 03:00 AM 編輯 ]



轉貼自4682


狗免疫系統

促進的狗免疫系統
促進 免疫系統 為適當的工作生物化學的互作用是重要對您的狗 健康。免疫系統堅持地保護身體免受 寄生生物, 細菌, 黴菌, 或病毒被傳染的細胞。促進您的狗 免疫系統 將幫助他的身體淹沒細菌, 毀壞毒素, 或殺害病毒。
Iinfected 細胞生產干擾素和其它cytokines, 可能發信號接觸未感染的細胞增強他們的防禦, 使他們損壞侵略者。

在一個 微弱的免疫系統, 細菌、病毒、微有機體, 和毒素可能通過免疫保衛的細胞, 和引起 混亂。
一個被降下的 免疫系統 作用在狗導致深刻或慢性真菌、酵母傳染、eczema 、 demodectic mange、食物過敏、關節炎、耳朵傳染、慢慢地癒合創傷, 或生育力混亂。

營養缺乏 是免疫系統缺乏的突出的起因在狗。動物研究員最近顯示出, 營養缺乏在一個世代可能影響 免疫系統 作用在最新世代, 既使他們不營養短少。

因而, 一粗劣的 營養 或連續哺養錯誤 狗食飲食 減弱您的狗 免疫系統。

促進您的狗免疫系統:

痕量元素、礦物, 和維生素的平衡的水平被要求 促進您的狗 免疫系統單獨與侵略的細菌和病毒戰鬥。

未加工的食物飲食 為狗是必要 促進免疫系統, 因為所有食肉動物胃和新陳代謝被設計消化 未加工的食物。商業狗食是營養負擔, 狗消化系統無法應付與。對不自然的乾食物的用途, 和在被處理的, 化工改進的 商業狗食 減弱您的狗 免疫系統。野生動物被折磨我們的被馴化的狗的混亂不困擾!

滿足您的狗營養要求和 促進免疫系統, 健康狗食 所有成份 必須是協同作用的, 意味他們應該提高各其他作用並且能獨自工作。
如果您對營養價值, 和生物化學的過程不是肯定的在身體, 增加優質 營養補充 對於包含vitamin.b.complex 、葉酸、維生素C 、鋅 、鎂 、硒、碘、生物素、echinacea ,和 鉀的您的狗食。

Neem
Neem (neem 茶, neem 葉子的) 最重要的特徵是, 促進淋巴細胞和細胞免疫系統。 Neem 促進T 細胞的生產, 防禦您的狗身體當攻擊對免疫系統發生。

維生素C
維生素C 是關鍵的為促進您的狗免疫系統。 維生素C 有根本抗病毒和抗菌活動, 但它的主要作用是主人抵抗的改善。

Ω脂肪酸
Ω脂肪酸是重要為您的狗免疫系統、皮膚和外套健康。 Ω脂肪酸 促進食物運用和發電。 晚櫻草油 是多數有效的(Ω6 脂肪酸), 被亞麻油和魚油(Ω3 脂肪酸)跟隨。


缺鋅 增加傳染風險。研究表示, 鋅補充可能 促進免疫系統, 促進創傷癒合, 和幫助開發白細胞。

Boosting the immune system for proper working biochemical interactions is important to your dogs wellness. The immune system is persistently protecting the body from parasites, bacterial, fungal, or virus-infected cells. Boosting your dogs immune system will help his body overwhelm bacteria, destroy toxins, or kill viruses.
Iinfected cells produce interferon and other cytokines, which can signal contiguous uninfected cells to intensify their defenses, enabling them to damage invaders.

In a weak immune system, bacteria, viruses, micro organisms, and toxins can pass the immune defending cells, and generate disorders.
A lowered immune system function in dogs results in acute or chronic fungi, yeast infections, eczema, demodectic mange, food allergy, arthritis, ear infection, slowly healing wounds, or fertility disorders.

Nutrient deficiency is an eminent cause of immune system deficiency in dogs. Animal researchers have recently demonstrated that nutrient deficiency in one generation can affect immune system function in later generations, even if they are not nutrient deficient.

Thus, a poor nutrition or continuous feeding the wrong dog food diet weakens your dogs immune system.

Boosting your dogs immune system:

Balanced levels of trace elements, minerals, and vitamins are required to boost the immune system of your dogs to fight invading bacteria and viruses by itself.

Raw food diet for dogs is necessary to boost the immune system, because stomach and metabolism of all carnivores is designed to digest raw foods. Commercial dog food is a nutritional burden that dogs digestive system is unable to cope with. The use of unnatural dry food, and over-processed, chemically enhanced commercial dog foods weakens your dogs immune system. Wild animals are not plagued by the disorders that afflict our domesticated dogs!

To satisfy your dogs nutritional requirements and boost the immune system, all ingredients of wellness dog food have to be synergistic, meaning they should enhance each others effect as well as being able to work by themselves.
If you are not sure about the nutritional values, and biochemical processes in the body, add a high-quality nutritional supplement to your dogs food which contains vitamin B complex, folic acid, vitamin C, zinc, magnesium, selenium, iodine, biotin, echinacea, and potassium.

Neem
The most important characteristic of Neem (neem tea, neem leaf) is, boosting both the lymphocyte and cell-mediated immune system. Neem boosts the production of T-cells, which defense your dogs body when attacks to the immune system occur.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C is crucial for boosting your dogs immune system. Vitamin C has essential antiviral and antibacterial activity, but its main effect is improvement of host resistance.

Omega Fatty Acids
Omega fatty acids are important for your dogs immune system, skin and coat health. Omega fatty acids boost food utilization and energy production. Evening primrose oil is most effective (omega 6 fatty acid), followed by flaxseed oil and fish oil (omega 3 fatty acid).

Zinc
Zinc deficiency increases the risk of infection. Studies show that zinc supplements can boost the immune system, promote wound healing, and help develop white blood cells.



轉貼自4682


狗疫苗

接種是極端有益的事務,
對疫苗製造商和對經銷商。

接種的目的將保護您的狗免受潛在地致命傳染由病毒譬如慍怒, 狂犬病, 和其他人。但是, 和以任一醫療過程, 我們要要求簡單並且直接問題, "它是安全的嗎? 它是有效的嗎? 做好處勝過風險?"

"助推器" 接種, 照原樣今天被實踐, 總不是有效的, 和頻繁地有有害副作用, 或短或長期。以對組合的用途
(4 在1, 6 在1) 年復一年被重覆的疫苗, 這些副作用頻率和嚴肅在我們的狗巨大增加了。
毫不奇怪, 大多問題介入 免疫系統。終究, 免疫系統是什麼疫苗被設計刺激。但他們做如此用可能淹沒的一種非常不自然的方法並且混淆 免疫系統。身體也許反應過度對通常無害的物質以過敏和其它皮膚混亂, 甚至生產抗體對本身(自動免疫的疾病) 。同時, 身體也許是慢吞吞在反應它應該reject, 譬如共同的病毒, 細菌、真菌, 和寄生生物的那些事。這可能導致增加的感受性對深刻傳染, 慢性腸類圓蟲問題, 或更加退化的格, 癌症。

助推器接種是多餘的。研究現在表示, 這些接種大概是有效的許多年和在生活。被接種的動物不需要任何助推器。

所有獸醫學校在北美洲改變的接種協議:

資深狗項目的時事通訊的最近編輯報告關於消滅接種曾經擴展的趨向為成人狗, 除了狂犬病, 哪裡需要由州法。
所有27 所獸醫學校在北美洲是在改變他們的協議過程中為接種的狗和貓。這新指南在研究中:

"狗 免疫系統 充分地成熟在6 個月。如果修改過的活病毒(MLV) 疫苗被給在6 個月年齡以後, 它導致免疫, 是好的在寵物(即, 似犬慍怒、parvo, 和似貓的慍怒的) 生活。如果其它MLV 疫苗被給一年後, 抗體從第一疫苗中立化第二疫苗的抗原並且有一點點或沒有作用。滴定量' 不促進' 亦不是更多存儲單元導致。
不僅是每年助推器為parvo 並且慍怒多餘的, 他們服從狗對過敏反應和免疫斡旋的溶血貧血症潛在的風險。沒有科學文獻支持標籤要求為MLV 的每年管理vaccines” 。

如果, 為任何原因, 您決定您必須接種您的狗, 我會提出以下建議:

避免多值性(組合) 疫苗
分開地給parvo 與慍怒
從未給狂犬病疫苗在其他疫苗的同時
接種每2-3 年, 代替逐年
在接種以後, 給Echinacea 、Propolis 或Dermisal 七天作為解毒療法

Vaccination is an extremely profitable business,
both to the manufacturers of vaccine and to the distributors.

The purpose of vaccination is to protect your dog from potentially fatal infections by viruses such as distemper, rabies, and others. However, as with any medical procedure, we must ask the simple and direct questions, "Is it safe? Is it effective? Do the benefits outweigh the risks?"

"Booster" vaccination, as it is practiced today, is not always effective, and frequently has adverse sideeffects, either short or long term. With the use of combination
(4 in 1, 6 in 1) vaccines that are repeated year after year, the frequency and severity of these sideeffects in our dogs has increased dramatically.
Not surprisingly, most of the problems involve the immune system. After all, the immune system is what vaccines are designed to stimulate. But they do so in a very unnatural way that can overwhelm and confuse the immune system. The body may overreact to normally harmless substances with allergies and other skin disorders, or even produce antibodies to itself (autoimmune disease). At the same time, the body may be sluggish in responding to those things that it should reject, such as common viruses, bacteria, fungus, and parasites. This can result in increased susceptibility to acute infections, chronic tapeworm problems, or in more degenerative cases, cancer.

Booster vaccinations are unnecessary. Studies are now showing that these vaccinations are effective for many years and most probably for life. Vaccinated animals do not need any boosters.

All Veterinary Schools in North America Changing Vaccination Protocols:

Recent editions of the Senior Dogs Project's newsletter have reported on the ever-broadening trend of eliminating vaccinations for adult dogs, except for rabies, where required by state law.
All 27 veterinary schools in North America are in the process of changing their protocols for vaccinating dogs and cats. Here are the new guidelines under consideration:

"Dogs immune system matures fully at 6 months. If a modified live virus (MLV) vaccine is given after 6 months of age, it produces immunity, which is good for the life of the pet (i.e., canine distemper, parvo, and feline distemper). If another MLV vaccine is given a year later, the antibodies from the first vaccine neutralize the antigens of the second vaccine and there is little or no effect. The titer is not 'boosted' nor are more memory cells induced.
Not only are annual boosters for parvo and distemper unnecessary, they subject the dog to potential risks of allergic reactions and immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. There is no scientific documentation to back up label claims for annual administration of MLV vaccines”.

If, for whatever reason, you decide that you must vaccinate your dog, I would make the following recommendations:

avoid multivalent (combination) vaccines
give parvo separately from distemper
never give the rabies vaccine at the same time as any other vaccine
vaccinate every 2-3 years, instead of yearly
after vaccination, give Echinacea, Propolis or Dermisal for seven days as a detoxification therapy



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抗藥性overuse 在狗

抗藥性overuse 在狗

狩醫為狗 作為預防物規定 抗生素, 雖然它很少是必要的。
抗藥性overuse 在病毒, 黴菌或其他nonbacterial 狗混亂 是驚心的! 研究表示, 至少50% 所有 抗藥性 處方為狗大概不是需要的。
許多獸醫依靠"研究" 和overuse 抗生素使狗 支持狗療法要求。為什麼? 簡單! 研究和促進對銷售藥物採取時間和成千上萬美元。當然, 主辦和支付研究的配藥產業感興趣讓這金錢回到。

有是自然抗生素嗎?
當然。年前狗所有者投入大蒜丁香在他們的狗創傷或使用了 蜂Propolis, 鼓勵 白細胞毀壞細菌的自然抗生素。

他們使用了Echinacea 作為自然 抗生素為狗。
今天我們知道, Neem 有有效, 自然抗藥性物產。
並且有許多其它草本, 是同樣有效但不危險的為您的狗作為強的藥物。

保持您的狗健康沒有抗生素!
告訴您的獸醫, 您意識到問題與抗生素有關。如果它被確定您的狗需要 抗生素 為療程, 設法避免寬廣的光譜抗生素。這殺害更多細菌比必需!
反而, 請求被指揮在具體細菌您的對療程的狗需要的抗生素。
不要執行抗生素為各無害的混亂, 避免 抗藥性overuse! 之外大槍治療為緊急狀態和您將有一次更好的機會的它是有效的。
鼓勵您的狩醫使用供選擇的醫學。使他們知道, 抗生素的 副作用 是危險的為您的狗。

使用 維生素補充、 草本補救, 或 homeopathy 代替抗生素。由於, 自然抗生素只攻擊壞細菌和留下重要友好的細菌單獨!

Antibiotic overuse on dogs

Vets prescribe an antibiotic for dogs as preventative, although it is rarely necessary.
The antibiotic overuse on viral, fungal or other nonbacterial dog disorders is alarming! Studies have shown that at least 50% of all antibiotic prescriptions for dogs are probably not needed.
Many veterinarians rely on "studies" and overuse the antibiotic for dogs to support claims of dog therapy. Why? Simple! Studies and promotion to sale the drugs take time and millions of dollars. Of course, the pharmaceutical industry that sponsors and pays for the studies is interested to get this money back.

Is there a natural antibiotic?
Sure. Years ago dog owners put garlic cloves in the wounds of their dogs or used Bee Propolis, a natural antibiotic that encourages white blood cells to destroy bacteria.

They used Echinacea as a natural antibiotic for dogs.
Today we know, Neem has effective, natural antibiotic properties as well.
And there are many other herbs, which are same effective but not dangerous for your dog as strong drugs.

Keep your dog healthy without antibiotics!
Tell your veterinarian that you are aware of the problems related to antibiotic. If it is determined that your dog needs an antibiotic for medication, try to avoid a broad spectrum antibiotic. This kills more bacteria than required!
Instead, request an antibiotic that is directed at the specific bacteria your dog needs for medication.
Do not administer an antibiotic for each harmless disorder, avoid antibiotic overuse! Save the big gun-treatment for emergencies and you will have a better chance of it being effective.
Encourage your vets to use alternative medicine. Make them aware that the side effects of antibiotic are dangerous for your dogs.

Use a vitamin supplement, herbal remedy, or homeopathy instead of antibiotic. Because, a natural antibiotic only attacks bad bacteria and leaves the important friendly bacteria alone!



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什麼是Homeopathy?

什麼是Homeopathy?


期限‘homeopathy’ 來自希臘‘homoios (相似) 並且‘pathos’ (遭受或憔悴) 。 Homeopathy 是療程被設計刺激身體的自己的恢復過程為了促進免疫系統。Homeopathy 根據發現, 一種物質在小藥量也許緩和症狀相似與那些它起因在大劑量。

因而, homeopathy 二個基石是, "喜歡由喜歡治療", 並且各個 homeopathic 補救 適當地被稀釋消滅或使它減到最小是毒性作用。Homeopathy 是自然醫學的被規定的形式在德國, 和由常規醫生和自然治療師實踐。實際上, 80% 正統醫生在德國為他們的患者規定這自然醫學。homeopathy 效力和安全 支持近100 次臨床試驗。
Homeopathy 可能治療混亂, 由導致症狀相似與那些混亂。雖然similars 法律已經被認可作為一項醫治用的原則在古老印度, 由希臘Hippocrates, 和由德國Paracelsus, -- 這是Samuel Hahnemann, 德國醫師, 在1790 測試這項原則和隨後建立它作為自然醫學系統的依據。

相反對"更多是更強的" 的我們的一般信仰(和在現代天被隔絕的藥物用法), Hahnemann 發現, 重覆的稀釋和"succussing 的" 過程使medicine’s 作用更強和更加持久。簡而言之, 更多稀釋自然物質, 更高有力。那是不錯; 它也許是纏擾不清的, 但更多稀釋 homeopathic 補救, 更高有力, 並且較少它頻繁地被測量。
因而我們再有正統社區認為是可笑的一個因素。我們有原始的物質, ‘stronger’ 是homeopathic 補救。

資訊關於 動物homeopathy

Homeopathy 不是完全之外, 和有副作用。動物Homeopathy


動物Homeopathy, 對寵物療程的草本補救

需求使用 homeopathy 為動物和寵物療程永久地是在增量, 因為homeopathy 不導致副作用當正確地執行。
Homeopathy 是有效的為人和動物。
什麼適用於人適用於您的動物也是。
使用 動物homeopathy 由狗所有者變得越□越共同。
根據症狀, homeopathy 可能被使用另外或選擇對常規
醫學為人和動物療程。
當狗所有者, 我們喜歡提供我們的dogss 最佳的療程可利用。我使用有一段時間了動物homeopathy 在我的狗和動物現在, 以優秀結果。德國實習者運用homeopathic 草本補救由於它是高成功率和舒適規定作為選擇對 抗生素 和 類固醇。簡單地選擇最好描述情況的草本補救。相當經常超過一醫學也許似乎適當。各個homeopathic 補救可能安全地被結合。

Dermisal
動物和寵物療程:
- 乾燥和含水eczema
- 癢的頭皮, 皮疹
- 對所有寵物的Homeopathic 補救以令人不快的體味

Febrisal
動物和 寵物療程:
- 基本的熱性的條件在所有寵物

Vomisal
動物和 寵物療程:
- 上部呼吸道的支氣管炎和混亂。

Dysenteral
動物和 寵物療程:
- 腹瀉混亂在狗和其它寵物。

Rumisal
動物和 寵物療程:
- 消化不良在狗和寵物

Traumisal
動物和 寵物療程:
- 所有類型傷害

在療程期間以 homeopathy, 它可能時常看來好像症狀在您的寵物得到更壞。這是完全地無害的, 不符號化情況的惡化。



What Is Homeopathy?


The term ‘homeopathy’ comes from the Greek ‘homoios (similar) and ‘pathos’ (suffering or sickness). Homeopathy is a medication designed to stimulate the body's own healing processes in order to boost the immune system. Homeopathy is based upon the discovery that a substance in small doses may alleviate symptoms similar to those it causes at higher doses.

Thus, the two cornerstones of homeopathy are that "likes are cured by likes", and each homeopathic remedy is properly diluted to eliminate or minimize it's toxic effects. Homeopathy is the most prescribed form of natural medicine in Germany, and is practiced by conventional doctors and natural therapists alike. In fact, 80% of orthodox doctors in Germany prescribe this natural medicine for their patients. The efficacy and safety of homeopathy is supported by close to 100 clinical trials.
Homeopathy can cure a disorder, by producing symptoms similar to those of the disorder. Although the law of similars had already been recognized as a healing principle in ancient India, by the Greek Hippocrates, and by the German Paracelsus,--it was Samuel Hahnemann, a German physician, who in 1790 tested this principle and subsequently established it as the basis of a system of natural medicine.

Contrary to our general belief that "more is stronger" (as in modern day isolated drug usage), Hahnemann discovered that the process of repeated dilution and "succussing" made the medicine’s effect stronger and more lasting. In short, the more dilute the natural substance, the higher the potency. That is right; it may be confusing, but the more dilute the homeopathic remedy, the higher the potency, and the less frequently it is given.
Thus we again have a factor that the orthodox community thinks is ridiculous. The less we have of the original substance, the ‘stronger’ is the homeopathic remedy.

Info about animal homeopathy

Homeopathy is totally save, and has no side effects.


Animal Homeopathy


Animal Homeopathy, herbal remedy for pet medication

The demand to use homeopathy for animal and pet medication is permanently on the increase, because homeopathy causes no side effects when administered correctly.
Homeopathy is effective for the human and animal.
What applies to the human applies to your animal too.
Using animal homeopathy by dog owners is becoming more and more common.
According to the symptoms, homeopathy can be used in addition or alternative to conventional
medicines for human and animal medication.
As dog owners, we like to provide our dogss the best medication available. I use animal homeopathy on my dogs and animals for some time now, with excellent results. German practitioners utilize homeopathic herbal remedy due to it's high success rate and ease of prescribing as an alternative to antibiotics and steroids. Simply choose the herbal remedy that best describes the situation. Quite often more than one medicine may seem appropriate. Each homeopathic remedy can be safely combined.

Dermisal
Animal and Pet medication:
- Dry and watery eczema
- Itchy scalp, skin rashes
- Homeopathic remedy for all pets with unpleasant body odor

Febrisal
Animal and Pet medication :
- basic febrile conditions in all pets

Vomisal
Animal and Pet medication:
- bronchitis and disorders of the upper respiratory tract.

Dysenteral
Animal and Pet medication:
-Diarrhea disorders in dogs and other pets.

Rumisal
Animal and Pet medication:
- indigestion in dogs and pets

Traumisal
Animal and Pet medication:
- all types of injury

During medication with homeopathy, it can at times appear as though the symptoms in your pet are getting worse. This is completely harmless and does not signify a deterioration of the condition.



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草本寵物療程

草本寵物療程



蘋果汁醋 是草本皮膚補救的自然國王。這是一個美妙的草本療程為發癢和抓狗並且一種雄偉皮膚和頭髮調節劑。蘋果汁醋或直接或被稀釋的50/50 用水可能直接地嚮受影響的區域被申請和讓烘乾。 它是還有用的為 demodectic mange。

黃色和綠色色的食物 是偉大的毒素救濟者如果增加來狗食。西瓜是最佳的自由基淨化劑的當中一個。

維生素E: 創傷癒合和傷痕組織: 維生素E 將加速癒合和使傷痕組織減到最小從形成。為 寵物療程 擠壓膠囊創傷、擦傷處, 燒傷和在眼皮為被激起的眼睛問題。它幾乎立刻不會燒和將安慰和將鎮痛。

草本醋 做對eczema 和 真菌的 優秀 補救, 因為醋是本質上殺真菌劑。醋與殺真菌劑的成份作為牛至和大蒜經常是欣然可利用的在雜貨店。 寵物療程 申請草本醋幾次每日與棉花或壓縮。

茶樹油 最頻繁地被推薦為表面 真菌感染的 草本寵物 療程。和用所有精油, full-strength 油應該被稀釋在載體。

Neem 油 被稀釋在水中或載體油是一個優秀草本 寵物療程 解除 皮膚混亂 如 scabies 和有昆蟲repellant 物產。

簡單的檸檬沖洗並且被推薦為 寵物療程。使用大約10 檸檬皮膚在1 公升水, 帶來給煮沸。煨直到糊狀, 張力和冷卻在傾吐結束寵物外套之前。

維生素C: 給1mg 2mg 每天三個月對小狗從大養殖可能幫助防止 hip dysplacia。給5mg 10mg 日報為 寵物療程 皮膚混亂。


自然治療為慍怒: 為狗衡量大約4 公斤、經常二個茶匙鈉ascorbate 粉末, 或三種或四一克緩釋片劑直接在喉頭下。或八cc 維生素C 通過射入在肌肉將是非常是需要的使 寵物療程 立刻停止症狀。如果捉住早期的寵物很少將需要被給第二藥量。
這運作相等地為parvo 病毒。


裁減
新鮮的 蘆薈維拉 是一個優秀 寵物療程 為裁減和刮。 蘆薈維拉 是一種自然防腐劑, 和將保持區域潮濕直到裁減可能癒合。重要事是 截去毛皮 和用任一繃帶不包括它, 或它無法適當地排泄。它必須癒合從裡面。如果它是極端深的, 您可能需要狩醫投入流失在它。其它計劃將使用 chamomile 在創傷防止傳染。

Flatulence
香芹籽油混合了入 狗食 一次每天是有用的。其它方法將給蘋果切片或蘋果汁醋在狗食。避免當時哺養 狗未加工的 骨頭。

肝炎
牛奶薊和薑黃是更喜歡的寵物療程為這混亂, 和多數肝臟疾病在寵物。

喜愛和愛
這些是或許最根本的元素在醫治用的類別。我們的寵物能興旺只在愛和關心的環境裡。沒有愛, 所有生物凋枯和死。對我們的寵物的愛運作兩個方式。當我們顯示我們的寵物喜愛以柔和的詞、愛撫的手和簡單地我們的採納他們的形式, 他們反應在種類和開花裡。這個關係對福利措施並且貢獻為我們。關心對我們的寵物是自已被任命角色並且作為他們的老闆, 我們有責任使他們的生活一樣健康和愉快儘可能。
Herbal Pet Medication



Apple Cider Vinegar is the natural king of herbal skin remedies. It is a wonderful herbal medication for itching and scratching dogs as well as a superb skin and hair conditioner. Apple cider vinegar either straight or diluted 50/50 with water can be applied directly to the affected area and allowed to dry. It is also helpful for demodectic mange.

Yellow and green colored foods are great toxin relievers if added to the dogs food. Watermelon is one of the best free radical scavengers.

Vitamin E: Wound healing and scar tissue: Vitamin E will speed healing and minimize scar tissue from forming. For pet medication squeeze capsules onto wounds, abrasions, burns and on eyelids for inflamed eye problems. It will not burn and will soothe and ease pain almost immediately.

Herbal vinegars make excellent remedies for eczema and fungus, as vinegar is in itself antifungal. Vinegars with antifungal ingredients as oregano and garlic are often readily available at grocery stores. For pet medication apply herbal vinegar a few times daily with cotton or compresses.

Tea tree oil is most frequently recommended for herbal pet medication of superficial fungal infections. As with all essential oils, the full-strength oil should be diluted in a carrier.

Neem oil diluted in water or a carrier oil is an excellent herbal pet medication to relieve skin disorders like scabies and has insect repellant properties.

A simple lemon rinse is also recommended for pet medication. Using about 10 lemon skins in 1 litre of water, bring to the boil. Simmer until mushy, strain and cool before pouring over pets coat.

Vitamin C: Giving 1mg to 2mg per day for three months to puppies from large breeds can help prevent hip dysplacia. Give 5mg to 10mg daily for pet medication skin disorders.


Natural Treatment for Distemper: For a dog weighting about 4 kilos, often two teaspoons of sodium ascorbate powder, OR three or four one gram slow-release tablets straight down the throat. OR eight cc of vitamin C by injection in the muscle will be all that is needed for pet medication to stop the symptoms immediately. If caught early pet will rarely need to be given a second dose.
This works equally as well for parvo virus.


Cuts
Fresh aloe vera is an excellent pet medication for cuts and scrapes. Aloe vera is a natural antiseptic, and will keep the area moist until the cut can heal. The important thing is to clip the fur away and don't cover it with any bandage, or it can't drain properly. It has to heal from the inside out. If it is extremely deep, you may need a vet to put a drain in it. Another course of action is to use chamomile in the wound to prevent infection.

Flatulence
Caraway oil mixed into the dogs food once per day is helpful. Another method is to give apple slices or apple cider vinegar on the dogs food. Avoid feeding the dog raw bones at the moment.

Hepatitis
Milk thistle and turmeric is the preferred pet medication for this disorder, and most liver ailments in pets.

Affection and Love
These are perhaps the most essential elements in the healing category. Our pets can thrive only in an environment of love and caring. Without love, all creatures wither and die. Love for our pets works both ways. When we show our pets affection in the form of gentle words, caressing hands and simply our acceptance of them, they respond in kind and blossom. This relationship contributes to a measure of well-being for us also. Caring for our pets is a self appointed role and as their keepers, we have a responsibility to make their lives as healthy and happy as possible.



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狗草本 The Herbal Remedy

草本補救


許多草本有醫藥價值, 可能被使用幫助您的狗安全地和有效地克服共同的疾病的範圍。預期, 各個草本補救在這張名單起一本指南對於更加巨大的生命力和長壽作用對於您的狗。

草本補救不應該被給在一個連續基礎上。
一個好規則為您的狗二個星期打開, 一個星期。

紫花苜蓿- 草本補救高在營養素裡, 有利對在酸適應, 為胃和消化疾病, 作為血液淨化器和作為胃口興奮劑。紫花苜蓿新芽包含幫助防止osteoporosis 、癌症, 和心臟病的phytoestrogens 。

BURDOCK - 有利為條件譬如關節炎, 皮膚混亂; 這個草本補救是一種強有力的血液清潔劑; 幫助促進發汗, 支持消化系統。

CHAMOMILE - 安慰的和鎮定的草本補救; 有效為消化弱點, 絞痛和急燥的腸條件。

CLIVERS - 非常安慰性的抗發炎草本為泌尿
系統, 一種淋巴興奮劑。沒推薦為糖尿病患者。

蒲公英 - 最響譽的肝臟補劑草本的當中一個可利用, 它是有利的作為腎臟補劑由於它柔和的利尿行動; 粗劣的消化干擾和粗劣的胃口。

惡魔抓 - 抗發炎草本補救以鎮痛藥物產對肌肉& 骨骼系統。幫助為關節炎和風濕病。亦稱一個有效的選擇' 小山' 測試發現了它是一個優秀止痛藥的地方。

小米草 - 一個優秀對眼睛浴的草本為眼睛, 補救, 和眼睛激怒; 它內部幫助解除黏液情況。

大蒜 - 一自然利尿, 變薄黏液在肺和支氣管管裡, 殺害毒菌, 自然抗生素並且殺真菌劑, 促進好消化, 幫助調控肝臟和膽囊。大蒜壓制酵母在身體。

山楂樹莓果 - 一個草本心臟和循環補救。

蛋白軟糖- 這個草本補救soothens 整個消化短文, 有利為胃怨言作為潰瘍, colitis, 膨脹和炎症, 有用為尿道。

MEADOWSWEET - 這是最佳的消化草本補救的當中一個可利用。包含抗發炎, 痛苦解除化合物, 能緩和噁心。組合很好用蛋白軟糖為消化混亂。它不應該被使用為felines 。

NETTLE - 草本補救有利對整體, 包括 皮膚混亂。

薄荷 - 這個草本補救是幫助解除flatulence, 刺激粗劣的胃口, 緩和噁心和嘔吐或絞痛的優秀消化補劑。

莓葉子 - 傳統草本補救被使用作為再生補劑加強和定調子子宮體。有用在腹瀉的治療由於它的收斂性物產。

紅色三葉草 - 強有力的草本補救和血液淨化器特別有利為皮膚混亂。它的expectorant 物產治療咳嗽和支氣管炎。這個美妙的草本證明了有用在去除腫瘤和囊腫。

ROSEHIPS - 維生素C 的當中一個最佳的自然來源 與其它礦物一起譬如銅和鈷。這是一臺免疫系統助推器, 和對所有的循環草本補救。

拔地響 - 這是一個最佳的nerviness 可利用。這是一個柔和有效的鎮靜草本補救; 幫助緊張的狗。

歐蓍草 - 外在地這個草本補救癒合創傷。有效在熱病, 幫助的治療對低血壓。

如果我們能 促進免疫系統, 我們能然後幫助身體自癒,
進一步不壓制它與類固醇和強的藥物。


The Herbal Remedy


Many herbs have medicinal value and can be used to help your dog to overcome a range of common ailments both safely and effectively. It is hoped that each herbal remedy in this list will serve as a guide to greater vitality and longevity for your dog.

No herbal remedy should be given on a continuous basis.
A good rule for your dog is two weeks on, one week off.

ALFALFA - Herbal remedy high in nutrients, beneficial for over-acid conditions, for stomach and digestive ailments, as a blood purifier and as an appetite stimulant. Alfalfa sprouts contain phytoestrogens that help prevent osteoporosis, cancer, and heart disease.

BURDOCK - Beneficial for conditions such as arthritis, skin disorders; this herbal remedy is a powerful blood cleanser; helps to promote perspiration, supports the digestive system.

CHAMOMILE - Soothing and calming herbal remedy; effective for digestive weaknesses, colic and irritable bowel conditions.

CLIVERS - Very soothing anti-inflammatory herb for the urinary
system, a lymphatic stimulant. Not recommended for diabetics.

DANDELION - One of the best-known liver tonic herbs available, it is beneficial as a kidney tonic due to its gentle diuretic action; poor digestive disturbances and poor appetite.

DEVILS CLAW - Anti-inflammatory herbal remedy with analgesic properties for the muscular & skeletal system. Helps for arthritis and rheumatism. Also known as an effective alternative to 'butte' where tests have found out it is an excellent pain reliever.

EYEBRIGHT - An excellent herb for the eyes, remedy for eye bath, and eye irritations; internally it helps to relieve mucous conditions.

GARLIC - A natural diuretic, thins mucus in lungs and bronchial tubes, kills germs, natural antibiotic and antifungal, promotes good digestion, helps to regulate liver and gallbladder. Garlic suppresses yeast in the body.

HAWTHORN BERRY - A herbal heart and circulatory remedy.

MARSHMALLOW- This herbal remedy soothens the entire digestive tract, beneficial for gastric complaints as ulcers, colitis, bloat and inflammation, helpful for the urinary tract.

MEADOWSWEET - This is one of the best digestive herbal remedies available. Contains anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving compounds and can ease nausea. Combines well with Marshmallow for digestive disorders. It should not be used for felines.

NETTLE - Herbal remedy beneficial for the whole body, including skin disorders.

PEPPERMINT -This herbal remedy is an excellent digestive tonic that helps to relieve flatulence, stimulates poor appetite, eases nausea and vomiting or colic.

RASPBERRY LEAF -Traditional herbal remedy used as a reproductive tonic to strengthen and tone the uterus. Helpful in the treatment of diarrhea due to its astringent properties.

RED CLOVER - Powerful herbal remedy and blood purifier especially beneficial for skin disorders. Its expectorant properties cure coughs and bronchitis. This wonderful herb has proven useful in removing tumors and cysts.

ROSEHIPS - One of the best natural sources of vitamin C along with other minerals such as copper and cobalt. It is a immune system booster, and circulatory herbal remedy for all.

VALERIAN - This is one of the best nerviness available. It is a gentle yet effective sedative herbal remedy; helps nervous dogs.

YARROW - Externally this herbal remedy heals wounds. Effective in the treatment of fevers, helps to lower blood pressure.

If we can boost the immune system, then we can help the body to heal itself,
not suppress it further with steroids and strong drugs.



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Ω3 和-6 脂肪酸

Ω3 和-6 脂肪酸 Omega-3 and -6 Fatty Acids





許多年, 狗所有者給 Ω脂肪酸 他們的狗更換一件愚鈍, 乾燥外套到一更加光滑一個。獸醫最近發現Ω脂肪酸是重要為 狗皮膚混亂 作為過敏、 eczema, 和炎症。

什麼是Ω3 和6 脂肪酸?
Ω脂肪酸是具體類型多未飽和的油脂。
Ω脂肪酸二 大類 是Ω3 和Ω6 。您也許並且聽說Ω9 脂肪酸。Ω9 脂肪酸實際上減少Ω3 和Ω6 脂肪酸的集中在狗皮膚和血液。

由補充用Ω脂肪酸我們能減輕炎症。
Ω脂肪酸 影響一定數量的身體系統和情況, 如下所述:

乾燥狗皮膚: 狗外套, 是愚鈍, 易碎的, 和烘乾經常反應Ω脂肪酸。在seborrheic 皮炎 病例 有Ω脂肪酸缺乏在狗皮膚。

酵母傳染: 研究員發現Ω脂肪酸減速酵母傳染 成長 在狗。這是被認為的這些Ω脂肪酸戲劇每在酵母傳染的治療的有利 角色 在狗。

Eczema: 一些研究員發現 Ω脂肪酸 也許是有用防止 eczema 在狗。


Ω脂肪酸是必要的為身體的許多系統的正常作用。它是還顯然的, 沒有所有 Ω脂肪酸 是相等的。由於不同的Ω脂肪酸有不同的作用, Ω脂肪酸補充的選擇需要根據狗的具體情況。
對Ω脂肪酸的 來源和用途 下面被顯示。

名字    來源 寵物療程  
OMEGA-3 脂肪酸
阿爾法亞麻酸 丙氨酸  亞麻籽, 南瓜籽, 大豆油

--
Eicosapentaenoic EPA  海魚油 retinoid 療法, eczema, 自動免疫的疾病, seborrheic 皮炎, 減少膽固醇


Docosahexaenoic DHA  海魚油 retinoid 療法, eczema
OMEGA-6 脂肪酸
亞麻酸 LA  晚櫻草油, 向日葵油, 紅花油, 大豆油, 玉米油,


乾性皮膚, 皮疹, 愚鈍的頭髮外套, seborrheic 皮炎
Arachidonic AA    無- 可能使炎症更壞


伽瑪亞麻酸 GLA  晚櫻草油, 琉璃苣油, 黑醋栗菜籽油 eczema, 自動免疫的疾病, seborrheic 皮炎

另外的 生物素 將增加Ω3 和6 脂肪酸的有效率。

治療計劃
Ω脂肪酸 應該被使用9-12 個星期。

風險和副作用
罕見的複雜化, 是胰腺炎。這是可能導致痛苦, 腹瀉和嘔吐胰腺的炎症。
Ω脂肪酸 增加卡路里。狗食降下在卡路里, 並且少量款待, 將防止重量獲取。
由於Ω脂肪酸 補充 包含很多魚油, 一些狗開發' 可疑' 呼吸。

Omega-3 and -6 Fatty Acids



For many years, dog owners have given omega fatty acids to their dogs to change a dull, dry coat into a glossier one. More recently veterinarians have found that omega fatty acids are important for dogs skin disorders as allergy, eczema, and inflammation.

What are omega 3 and 6 fatty acids?
Omega Fatty acids are specific types of polyunsaturated fats.
The two main classes of omega fatty acids are omega-3 and omega-6. You may also have heard about omega-9 fatty acids. Omega-9 fatty acids actually decrease the concentrations of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in the dogs skin and blood.

By supplementing with omega fatty acids we can lessen inflammation.
Omega fatty acids affect a number of body systems and conditions, as described below:

Dry Dog Skin: Dog coats, which are dull, brittle, and dry often respond to omega fatty acids. In cases of seborrheic dermatitis there is a deficiency of omega fatty acids in the dog skin.

Yeast Infections: Researcher found that omega fatty acids slow down the growth of yeast infection in dogs. It is thought these omega fatty acids play a beneficial role in the treatment of yeast infection in dogs.

Eczema: Some researchers found that omega fatty acids may be useful to prevent eczema in dogs.


Omega fatty acids are necessary for the normal function of many systems of the body. It is also obvious that not all omega fatty acids are equal. Because the different omega fatty acids have different effects, the choice of an omega fatty acid supplement needs to be based on the specific condition of the dog.
The sources and uses of omega fatty acids are shown below.

Name    Source Pet medication  
OMEGA-3 Fatty Acids
Alpha-Linolenic ALA  flax seed, pumpkin seed, soybean oil

--
Eicosapentaenoic EPA  marine fish oil retinoid therapy, eczema, autoimmune disease, seborrheic dermatitis, to decrease cholesterol


Docosahexaenoic DHA  marine fish oil retinoid therapy, eczema
OMEGA-6 Fatty Acids
Linoleic LA  evening primrose oil, sunflower oil, safflower oil, soybean oil, corn oil,


dry skin, skin rashes, dull hair coat, seborrheic dermatitis
Arachidonic AA    none - can make inflammation worse


Gamma-Linolenic GLA  evening primrose oil, borage oil, black currant seed oil eczema, autoimmune disease, seborrheic dermatitis

Additional Biotin will increase the effectiveness of omega-3 and-6 fatty acids.

Treatment plan
Omega fatty acids should be used for 9-12 weeks.

Risks and side effects
A rare complication, is pancreatitis. This is an inflammation of the pancreas that can cause pain, diarrhea and vomiting.
Omega fatty acids do add calories. A dog food lower in calories, and fewer treats, will prevent weight gain.
Because omega fatty acid supplements contain large amounts of fish oils, some dogs develop a 'fishy' breath.



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抗生素- 暗藏的危險

抗生素- 暗藏的危險


抗生素逐字手段反對生活(反= 反對, 生物= 生活) 。

在一個健康身體, 有好和壞細菌在小腸短文。那裡應該是大約80% 好細菌和大約20% 壞細菌。我們是非常清楚關於 抗生素: 他們被使用殺害細菌。
當 抗生素 被使用, 好和壞細菌被毀壞在您的狗小腸短文! 一旦 抗生素 被停止, 壞細菌生長第一- 和快速地。

細菌可能變得有抵抗性對抗生素當他們暴露於 抗生素 只是開發了方式戰鬥和生存他們。抗性細菌可能被傳達給其他人並且他們太將變得不適以抗藥性抗性張力。抗生素增加特殊細菌的機會改變它基本。結果: 更多抗生素您使用這更加不健康變成您的狗。

某友好的細菌譬如 乳酸桿菌屬嗜酸性 保護身體免受 酵母傳染 和不友好的細菌。一些好人製造B 維生素, 其他人lactase, 寂靜其他他們抗生素的自己的形式 反對植物群。好細菌與腫瘤戰鬥, 運作降低高膽固醇, 和改進消化。
假絲酵母albicans 是身體的一個正常居民, 但當 抗生素 擊倒它的競爭者, 它傳播! 這導致傳染, 生產導致一個微弱的immun 系統 , 神經學,和endocrinologic 混亂的抗原和毒素。

酵母繁茂 導致食物過敏、自動免疫的混亂、 eczema、 皮疹, mange 等。
使事態更壞, 抗生素可能禁止數的可及性B 維生素、維生素A 、葉酸、 鋅, 和鎂。當抗生素導致 腹瀉, 這個問題變得嚴肅。

腹瀉, 急燥的腸綜合症狀, 皮膚混亂, 熱病, 舉起了白細胞計數, 微弱的 免疫系統, 嘔吐, 失水, 鉀缺乏, 過敏, 口臭, eczema, 酵母傳染, 營養缺乏和 便秘 是正義的一些許多副作用和問題與抗生素 連接。

怎麼幫助您的狗
Recolonize 您的狗小腸短文與友好的細菌由使用自然, 營養補充 和哺養 未加工的狗食。

一定, 自然產品、 草本補救, 或 homeopathy 工作很好也是。他們簡單, 有效並且他們運作沒有副作用。液體和雞湯將幫助促進您的狗 免疫系統 , 和可能之外他的生活。

Antibiotics - the hidden danger


Antibiotics literally means against life (anti = against, biotic = life).

In a healthy body, there is both good and bad bacteria in the intestinal tract. There should be about 80% good bacteria and about 20% bad bacteria. Let's be very clear about antibiotics: They are used to kill bacteria.
When antibiotics are used, both good and bad bacteria are destroyed in your dogs intestinal tract! Once the antibiotics are stopped, the bad bacteria grow back first - and faster.

Bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics when they have been exposed to the antibiotic but have developed ways to fight and survive them. Resistant bacteria can be transmitted to others and they too will become ill with antibiotic resistant strains. Antibiotics increase the chance of a particular bacterium to change its basic. The result: the more antibiotics you use-the more unhealthy becomes your dog.

Some friendly bacteria such as Lactobacillus acidophilus protect the body from yeast infection and unfriendly bacteria. Some of the good guys manufacture B vitamins, others lactase, still others their own form of antibiotics against flora. The good bacteria fight tumors, work to lower high cholesterol levels, and improve digestion.
Candida albicans is a normal inhabitant of the body, but when antibiotics knock out its competitors, it spreads! This leads to infections, producing antigens and toxins which cause a weak immun system, neurologic, and endocrinologic disorders.

The overgrowth of yeast leads to food allergies, autoimmune disorders, eczema, skin rashes, mange etc.
To make matters worse, antibiotics can inhibit the availability of several of the B vitamins, vitamin A, folic acid, zinc, and magnesium. When antibiotics cause diarrhea, this problem becomes serious.

Diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, skin disorders, fever, elevated white blood cell count, weak immune system, vomiting, dehydration, potassium deficiencies, allergies, bad breath, eczema, yeast infections, nutritional deficiencies and constipation are just some of the many side effects and problems linked to antibiotics.

How to help your dog
Recolonize your dogs intestinal tract with friendly bacteria by using natural, nutritional supplements and feeding raw dog foods.

Certainly, a natural product, herbal remedy, or homeopathy works very well too. They are simple, cost effective and they work with no side effects. Liquids and chicken soup will help boost your dogs immune system as well, and maybe even save his life.



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茶樹油為寵物療程

茶樹油為寵物療程  


防腐茶樹油
茶樹油(Melaleuca alternifolia) 是一種自然防腐劑為 寵物療程。油立刻擊穿外皮層數和與機油混合對待像昆蟲叮咬, 削減的如此情況, 燒, 挫傷, 或煮沸。

抗發炎 茶樹油
茶樹油(Melaleuca alternifolia) 有痛苦麻木的物產, 可能典型地被使用為扭傷、關節炎、痛風, 或耳朵傳染。使用產品包含茶樹油, 因為純淨的精油會是惱人的對敏感的區域!

殺真菌劑的 茶樹油
茶樹油(Melaleuca alternifolia) 是一優秀殺真菌劑的, 可能被使用為 酵母傳染的 寵物 療程, 和 癬。為癬嚮受影響的區域應用茶樹膠凝體, 或奶油, 或增加茶樹油幾下落來浴水。
與匾戰鬥在您的狗牙, 用牙膏掠過包含茶樹油。

寵愛療程

由於寵物和人一樣並且遭受許多混亂, 茶樹油(Melaleuca alternifolia) 可能被使用為 關節炎、 口臭、癬, 或耳朵傳染的寵物療程。
為外在應用, 與1 杯水混合1 茶匙茶樹油。
當使用茶樹油為寵物療程, 總稀釋它如同充分的力量可能導致激怒。

內部不要使用茶樹油! 茶樹油(Melaleuca alternifolia) 包含毒性循環terpenes 。, 申請因而它只在您的狗無法舔它的區域! 不要使用它在開放創傷。
所以我們只使用Neem 油對待皮膚問題。Neem 是完全無害, 和absolutely 無毒的。

Neem 油 為狗皮膚混亂
Neem 油


Neem 油

Neem 是有用途的長的病史作為一個草本補救的化合物。許多普遍的草藥是從它仍然獲得。所有neem 樹的 部份 有醫療參考。在印度, neem 有時稱"村莊藥房" 。100 種配藥有效成分被辨認了在neem 樹, 並且它有許多醫療參考為人和 寵物療程。

Neem - 草本補救
Neem 是對熱病、食道疾病、皮膚混亂、呼吸疾病、 小腸寄生生物、免疫系統混亂, 和酵母 傳染的 療程的一個草本補救在寵物。
它也許禁止病毒的發展和防止他們進入的和傳染的細胞。 Neem 看來是對許多皮膚混亂的一個適當的草本補救。
反激動 和 痛苦免除 活動 neem 使它潛在地有用為 寵物療程 反對 頭皮psoriasis、 eczema、 seborrheic 皮炎, 和 酵母傳染。 neem 葉子 被顯示有活動壓制導致癬在 狗 和寵物的真菌。

Neem 油 和 Neem 葉子 萃取物也許外在地被應用以 Neem 奶油 和 Neem 肥皂的形式。
外在和小腸寄生生物也許是敏感的對草本neem 補救的作用。 Neem 茶 用為寵物療程反對小腸寄生生物, 包括蠕蟲。Neem 油和 Neem 香波 是優秀治療為 scabies!
或許一個neem 的最有趣的成功是它的用途作為對瘧疾的一個草本補救。
Neem 是一被證明的抗發炎的減退氨基酸和炎症其它斡旋人在身體。對這個作用貢獻的一些 重要化學製品在neem 是azadirachtin 、nimbidin 、limonoids, 和兒茶精。被溫暖的 neem 油 並且被推薦至於外在使用減少痛苦和炎症在受影響的聯接。



Tea Tree Oil for Pet Medication  


Antiseptic Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) is a natural antiseptic for pet medication. The oil immediately penetrates outer skin layers and mixes with body oils to treat such conditions as insect bites, cuts, burns, bruises, or boils.

Anti-inflammatory Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) has pain-numbing properties and can be used topically for sprains, arthritis, gout, or ear infections. Use products containing tea tree oil, since the pure essential oil would be irritating to sensitive areas!

Anti-fungal Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) is an excellent antifungal and can be employed for pet medication of yeast infections, and ringworm. For ringworm apply a tea tree gel, or cream to the affected area, or add a few drops of tea tree oil to the bath water.
To fight plaque at your dogs teeth, brush with toothpaste containing tea tree oil.

Pet Medication

Because pets also suffer many of the same disorders as humans, tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) can be used for pet medication of arthritis, bad breath, ringworm, or ear infections.
For external application, mix 1 teaspoon tea tree oil with 1 cup of water.
When using tea tree oil for pet medication, always dilute it as full strength can cause irritations.

Do not use tea tree oil internally! Tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) contains toxic cyclic terpenes. Thus, apply it only on areas where your dog cannot lick it off! Do not use it on open wounds.
Therefore we only use Neem oil to treat skin problems. Neem is totally harmless, and absolutely non-toxic.

Neem oil for dog skin disorders


Neem Oil


Neem Oil

Neem is a compound that has a long medical history of use as a herbal remedy. Many of the popular herbal medicines are still derive from it. All parts of the neem tree have medical references. In India, neem is sometimes called "the village pharmacy". Over 100 pharmaceutical active substances have been identified in the neem tree, and it has many medical references for human and pet medication.

Neem - the herbal remedy
Neem is a herbal remedy for the medication of fever, gastrointestinal disease, skin disorders, respiratory disease, intestinal parasites, immune system disorder, and yeast infections in pets.
It may inhibit the development of viruses and prevent them from entering and infecting cells. Neem appears to be an appropriate herbal remedy for numerous skin disorders.
The anti inflammatory and pain relieving activity of neem make it potentially useful for pet medication against scalp psoriasis, eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, and yeast infections. The neem leaf has been shown to have activity to suppresses the fungus that cause ringworm in dogs and pets.

Neem oil and Neem leaf extract may be applied externally in the form of Neem cream and Neem soap.
Both external and intestinal parasites may be sensitive to the effects of herbal neem remedy. Neem tea is used for pet medication against intestinal parasites, including worms. Neem oil and Neem shampoo are excellent treatments for scabies!
Perhaps one of the most interesting success of neem is its use as a herbal remedy for malaria.
Neem is a proven anti-inflammatory that decreases histamine and other mediators of inflammation in the body. Some of the important chemicals in neem that contribute to this effect are azadirachtin, nimbidin, limonoids, and catechin. Warmed neem oil is also recommended for external use to reduce pain and inflammation in affected joints.



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類固醇

類固醇- 了不起的偽裝者 (風濕甾酮, 強體松等)


醫生告訴您, 類固醇只導致副作用在許多歲月以後。但新研究表示, 永久損傷是直接和毀滅的。研究表示, 類固醇導致永久, 致衰弱的作用在一種唯一劑量以後。' 類固醇大概是最單薄的現代天療程, ' 前醫學教授說約翰磨房, 在加州大學、傳染病的舊金山和院長在舊金山綜合醫院。

您採取您的狗對狩醫以 皮膚混亂。您的狩醫給您的狗類固醇射入。皮膚混亂清理。以後, 您發現您的狗有腎臟疾病。有是清楚的連接在類固醇射入和您的狗的害病的腎臟之間嗎? 您不知道。但我們知道, 類固醇知道 損壞腎臟。我們並且知道, 從藥物製造商的自己的資料表, 類固醇可能造成 肝臟損傷、易碎的對免疫系統的骨頭、糖尿病、腎上腺不足、無能應付重音, 和損傷。

像 抗生素, 類固醇是一個藥物被濫用的組在正統獸醫醫學領域。一次, 他們是後備的為極端急診病例。今天, 他們被使用在最瑣細情況。為什麼? 他們給匹配“expectation” 一個立即治癒奇蹟的出現; 客戶的水平。因而, 許多狩醫轉向類固醇如同攻擊第一線為他們的抗發炎和anti-allergic 作用。

類固醇仿造腎上腺封墊的行動, 一般新陳代謝身體的最強有力的管理者。離是很遠的地方靈丹妙藥每治療全部在類固醇不能治療一個唯一情況。所有他們是壓制身體的能力表達一個正常反應。

類固醇是所有寬廣的- 光譜那是他們簡單地不指定您希望對待身體的區域, 但驅散通過每個細胞包括中央神經系統, 細胞在骨頭裡, 光滑的肌肉、血液、肝臟, 等。

他們被認為選擇藥物為哮喘, eczema, 關節炎, 背部毛病, 腸問題, 和為任何和所有炎症或過敏反應

多少位狩醫提供他們的客戶以類固醇的可能的危險的任何徵兆, 在執行藥物前? 多少位狩醫知道甚而, 甚而短訓班應用可能提出永久損傷?

由於有那麼許多, 許多自然方法應付類固醇會被規定的問題, 它是由每個我們決定知道, 最佳的經驗法則是:

-- 不要開始他們--
Steroids - The Great Pretender (cortisone, prednisone etc)


Doctors tell you that steroids only cause side effects after many years. But new research shows that permanent damage is immediate and devastating. Studies show that steroids cause permanent, debilitating effects after a single dosage. 'Steroids are probably the most sleazy of modern day medications,' says John Mills, former professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco and chief of infectious diseases at San Francisco General Hospital.

You take your dog to the vet with a skin disorder. Your vet gives your dog a steroid injection. The skin disorder clears up. Later, you discover your dog has kidney disease. Is there a clear connection between the steroid injection and your dog's diseased kidneys? You don't know. But we do know that steroids are known to damage kidneys. We also know, from the drug manufacturers' own data sheets, that steroids can cause liver damage, brittle bones, diabetes, adrenal insufficiency, inability to deal with stress, and damage to the immune system.

Like antibiotics, steroids are one of the most abused class of drugs in the orthodox veterinarian field of medicine. At one time, they were reserved for the extreme emergency cases. Today, they are being used on the most trivial of conditions. Why? They give the appearance of an instant miracle cure which matches the “expectation” level of the client. Thus, many vets turn to steroids as the first line of attack for their anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects.

Steroids mimic the action of the adrenal glands, the body's most powerful regulator of general metabolism. Far from being a wonder drug a cure all at steroids cannot cure one single condition. All they do is suppress the body's ability to express a normal response.

Steroids are all broad -spectrum- that is, they don't specify simply the area of the body you wish to treat, but scatter through every cell including the central nervous system, cells in bone, smooth muscle, blood, liver, etc.

They are considered the drug of choice for asthma, eczema, arthritis, back problems, bowel problems, and for any and all inflammations or allergic reactions

How many vets have provided their clients with any indication of the possible dangers of steroids, prior to administering the drug? How many vets are even aware that even short course application can present permanent damage?

Because there are so many, many natural methods of dealing with problems where steroids would be prescribed, it is up to each of us to be aware that the best rule of thumb is:

-- don't start them--



轉貼自4682


氨基葡萄糖Sulphate

為什麼額外氨基葡萄糖sulphate 是需要的當事變錯誤
關節軟骨是第一組織的當中一個變老和有相對地再生的粗劣的力量由於粗劣的供血對區域, 在健康animal/human 。精美平衡在穿戴和更新之間可能容易地被弄翻- 張力、滑動或秋天、重覆的重的用途、粗劣的營養、甚而壞相應一致或(在馬) 蹄不平衡狀態通過壞或irregular 穿上鞋子可能開始將導致聯接的進步退化事件的週期。

聯接的自然反應對張力、傷害或磨損將成為激起, 不管- 最大的數額synovial 流體被生產(經常是質量差) 並且實際上貶低軟骨和synovial 流體的酵素可能被生產(Stashak - 可看見 如此或不是1995) 。 這導致被承受的, 如果不更加偉大的, 炎症... 自已使週期永存導致DJD 在任一個動物(和人) 因為身體無法生產足夠的氨基葡萄糖跟上對會是必要的修理和更新的率。這是特別真實的一個更舊的動物以減速身體系統來以年齡。

氨基葡萄糖sulphate 怎麼被使用?
氨基葡萄糖sulphate 和軟骨素sulphate 使用解除症狀和幫助在癒合退化聯接疾病(DJD) - 骨關節炎

這個關節炎的形式□去□常被重視作為永久, 逐漸惡化情況影響許多動物(和人) 如同他們變老- 變老的過程的一個不可避免的結果被結合與磨損在聯接。用許多方式這是真實的但許多動物所有者報告了很大地改善的流動性在他們的動物當被哺養的氨基葡萄糖& 軟骨素。人的患者採取氨基葡萄糖報告痛苦的解除並且在流動性的改善。


氨基葡萄糖& 軟骨素怎麼他們幫助?
提供另外的氨基葡萄糖加速損壞的或被佩帶的明確表達的軟骨修理和更新另外的軟骨素幫助中立化破壞性的酵素和改進synovial 流體的質量。

氨基葡萄糖和軟骨素- 二自然發生和根本物質的組合的補充- 證明是最有效的。

因為DJD, 一旦開始, 是一個永久情況, 治療是長期- 動物(或人) 必須停留在維護藥量為剩餘它的生活- 聯接將恢復回到它的退化情況如果補充停止。

許多獸醫定期地注射Polysulfated Glycosaminoglycan (軟骨素) 直接地入DJD 聯接或一個被管理和因此不可避免地將變得退化。但是, 它可能通過肌肉注射更加重要地並且給和, 為平均動物所有者, 口頭- 您能增加氨基葡萄糖和軟骨素來他們的食物! 好處後者是所有聯接被對待, 不僅一個被注射 (威廉E 瓊斯)。

新聞!
最近英國現場研究科學地證明一個特殊氨基葡萄糖補充的有效率...
Cortaflex... 在維護原始的大步長度和流動性。
Cortaflex 可能幫助維護健康聯接和好聯合流動性。

有是表示的其它研究, 當當地注射入受影響的聯接給最快的改善(幾乎直接!), 沒有在氨基葡萄糖和軟骨素的好處被獲取的結束口服上的重大區別在大約30 天以後。給補充由增加它日報來飼料比有射入, 或許, 合理的每個月或如此。

有至少現在生產特別狗食為更舊的動物包含軟骨素和氨基葡萄糖的一位主要狗食製造商並且有被設計增加來正常食物- 補充的幾個品牌在市場上這些是可利用的為人, 並且馬和似犬治療。

科學證據為氨基葡萄糖sulphate

氨基葡萄糖sulphate 和關節炎
證據那裡是, 氨基葡萄糖是一種有效的治療為關節炎從牛津臨床學校Infomation 管理服務單位大學

Conclusion/summary
"底線是, 有證據身體支持口頭和肌肉內氨基葡萄糖效力在關節炎。"


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PubMed 查尋在醫學全國圖書館顯露科學試驗hundereds... 這一種任意選擇...

氨基葡萄糖和軟骨素硫化在骨關節炎的治療: 一次勘測

de los Reyes GC, Koda RT, 先得權EJ 。

配藥科學的部門, 藥房, 南加州大學學校, 洛杉磯, 加州90089, 美國。

超過30 年, non-steroidal 抗發炎藥物(NSAIDs) 被使用了作為標準在骨關節炎(OA 的) 治療。嚴肅和經常威脅生命的不利影響由於這些代理是共同。臨床研究結果顯露, 氨基葡萄糖sulfate 和軟骨素sulfate 是有效和更加安全的選擇緩和OA 症狀。實驗性證據表明, 這些化合物和他們的低分子重量衍生物有一特殊tropism 為他們擔當基體在組分積木生物合成的軟骨。本文是化學、機制行動, pharmacokinetics 、臨床這兩nutraceuticals 效力和安全的文學回顧。

出版物類型:
回顧
回顧, 講解

PMID: 11127967 [ PubMed - 被標註為MEDLINE ]


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氨基葡萄糖的作用在interleukin 1 被適應的關節軟骨


Fenton 季, Chlebek 布朗鉀, Caron JP, Orth 兆瓦。

動物學, 密執安州大學, East Lansing 48824 的部門, 美國。

氨基葡萄糖禁止再組合人interleukin-1 被刺激的軟骨退化在馬軟骨explants 。最近, 再組合馬interleukin-1 被克隆了和被淨化了。所以, 這項研究宗旨將描繪氨基葡萄糖的作用在軟骨退化索引在再組合馬IL 1beta 被刺激的馬關節軟骨explants 。軟骨圓盤被收穫了從馬(年齡antebrachiocarpal 和中間腕骨聯接的關節表面的重量軸承區域2-8 年) 並且被開化了在標準條件下。Explants 暴露於再組合馬interleukin-1beta (reIL-1beta) 在幾天1-4 在出現或缺乏氨基葡萄糖(0.25, 2.5 或25 mg/ml), 以適當的控制。硝酸氧化物, 前列腺素E2, 硫化了proteoglycan, stromelysin 並且gelatinase/collagenase 活動被釋放入被適應的媒介和總組織proteoglycan 內容被測量了作為軟骨分解代謝顯示。氨基葡萄糖禁止了軟骨分解代謝的反應以統計地是重大的在0.25 mg/ml 為stromelysin 活動和2.5 mg/ml 藥量為collagenase/gelatinase 活動的藥量依賴方式。在25 mg/ml 氨基葡萄糖並且防止了在硝酸氧化物生產、前列腺素E2 和proteoglycan 發行的IL 1beta 導致的增量對媒介。氨基葡萄糖防止馬關節軟骨退化被reIL-1beta 實驗性地導致在試管內。這資料為對氨基葡萄糖的軟骨損失的用途在治療或預防提供進一步支持在運動馬。

PMID: 12405690 [ PubMed - 被標註為MEDLINE ]



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氨基葡萄糖sulfate 膝蓋骨關節炎進步用途和延遲: 3 年, 被隨機化的, 安慰劑受控, 雙盲研究

Pavelka K, Gatterova J, Olejarova M, Machacek S, Giacovelli G, Rovati LC 。

醫學和風濕病學, 查爾斯大學, 布拉格, 捷克的部門pavelka@revma.cz

在三年期間... 200 名患者, 100 被給了一個補充包含其它100 被給placeboand 結果被監測的氨基葡萄糖。結論: 長期治療與氨基葡萄糖sulfate 減速了膝蓋骨關節炎進步, 可能確定疾病修改。


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氨基葡萄糖。一nutraceutical 在骨關節炎

Phoon S, Manolios N 。

Westmead 醫院, 新南威爾斯。

背景: 氨基葡萄糖是被銷售了作為自然產品為骨關節炎的治療的胺物糖。它通俗化了在藥房的補全部分作為一種安全不用處方的治療為osteoarthritic 痛苦。宗旨: 我們回顧文學在氨基葡萄糖效力和安全在骨關節炎。討論: 最近研究建議, 它也許不僅提供根據症狀的鎮痛, 但也許有在chondroprotection 的一個角色。

出版物類型:
回顧
回顧文學

PMID: 12154601 [ PubMed - 被標註為MEDLINE ]



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氨基葡萄糖療法與ibuprofen 比較為關節痛

Ruane R, Griffiths P 。

主要關心和公共藥房, College 倫敦國王的。

確定口頭氨基葡萄糖的有效率與ibuprofen 為關節痛安心在骨關節炎微型回顧(Griffiths 2002) 雙盲被隨機化的受控試驗比較二被承擔。人口是成人患者被診斷以骨關節炎在任一個站點。結果是關節炎痛苦減少。查尋在Medline 、Embase 、AMED 、Cochrane 圖書館和默克索引辨認了四次試驗。這些, 二項研究是可獲得的和包括在回顧。兩個1.2 g ibuprofen 日報與1.5 g 氨基葡萄糖sulphate 日報比較, 在三分開的藥量。參加者的聯合的數量在研究是218 。這些研究的結果顯示氨基葡萄糖是相似的效力對ibuprofen 。結論是, 氨基葡萄糖是有效的在解除關節痛與相關骨關節炎。氨基葡萄糖的痛苦解除的作用也許歸結於它軟骨重建的物產; 這些疾病修改作用不看與簡單的鎮痛藥和是特殊好處。氨基葡萄糖可能實踐上被使用作為一個選擇對抗發炎藥物和鎮痛藥或作為有用的附屬對標準鎮痛藥療法。

出版物類型:
回顧
回顧文學

PMID: 11904551 [ PubMed - 被標註為MEDLINE ]



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氨基葡萄糖sulfate 在膝蓋的骨關節炎

Noack W, Fischer M, Forster KK, Rovati LC, Setnikar I 。

整形術Evangelisches Waldkrankenhaus, 柏林, 德國的部門。

氨基葡萄糖sulfate 是藥物被使用為骨關節炎(OA 的) 治療, 根據它的藥物學和新陳代謝的活動在軟骨和chondrocytes, 由溫和的抗發炎物產和有利約物動力學的外形補全。這項研究的目標將定義氨基葡萄糖sulfate 活動和安全在病人症狀有OA, 使用multicenter, 隨機化, 安慰劑受控, 雙盲, 平行小組研究設計。研究包括252 個門診病人以膝蓋(Lequesne 的標準), 放射學階段之間I 和III, 和Lequesne 的至少4 種點和症狀嚴肅索引的OA 至少6 個月。患者治療與或安慰劑或口頭氨基葡萄糖sulfate 500 毫克t.i.d. 4 個星期, 與週刊, 以每週診所參觀。反應器對治療被定義了作為有至少3 點的減少病人對Lequesne 的索引以正面綜合評估由調查員。Lequesne 的索引是10.6 +/- 0.45 S.E.M. 點在兩個小組在研究的開始。這減少了對7.45 +/- 0.5 點在治療小組(平均3.2) 並且8.4 +/- 0.4 點在安慰劑小組(平均2.2) (P < 0.05, 學生的t 測試) 。反應器率在evaluable 患者是55% 與氨基葡萄糖(N = 120) 對38% 與安慰劑(N = 121) 。這些比例是52% 對37% 在意圖對對待分析(P = 0.014 和0.016, 各自地; Fisher 的確切的測試) 。療程很好被容忍了在研究過程中, 沒有區別在氨基葡萄糖和安慰劑被對待的小組之間。它結束, 氨基葡萄糖sulfate 也許是一種安全和有效的根據症狀的慢代理藥物為OA 。

出版物類型:
臨床試驗
Multicenter 研究
被隨機化的受控試驗

PMID: 11548224 [ PubMed - 被標註為MEDLINE ]



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氨基葡萄糖sulfate

Thorne 研究

氨基葡萄糖在制止或扭轉聯合退化的sulfate 的角色看上去直接地歸結於它的行動能力作為一個根本基體為, 和刺激生物合成, glycosaminoglycans 和hyaluronic 酸中堅需要為proteoglycans 的形成被發現在聯接結構矩陣。骨關節炎的成功的治療必須有效地控制痛苦, 應該減速或扭轉退化的進步。生物化學和藥物學資料與動物結合了並且人的研究顯示出, 氨基葡萄糖sulfate 是能滿足這兩個標準。

Why extra glucosamine sulphate is needed when things go wrong
Articular cartilage is one of the first tissues to age and has relatively poor powers of regeneration because of the poor blood supply to the area, even in a healthy animal/human. The delicate balance between wear and renewal can be easily upset - a strain, a slip or fall, repeated heavy use, poor nutrition, even bad conformation or (in the horse) hoof imbalance through bad or irregular shoeing can start a cycle of events that will lead to progressive degeneration of the joint.

The natural reaction of joints to a strain, injury or wear and tear is to become inflamed, whether visibly so or not - a greater amount of synovial fluid is produced (which is often of poorer quality) and enzymes can be produced which actually degrade the cartilage and synovial fluid (Stashak - 1995). This causes sustained, if not greater, inflammation... a self perpetuating cycle leading to DJD in any animal (and human) as the body cannot produce enough glucosamine to keep up to the rate of repair and renewal that would be necessary. This is especially true of an older animal with the slowing down of body systems that comes with age.

How is Glucosamine sulphate used?
Glucosamine sulphate and chondroitin sulphate are used to relieve the symptoms and help in the healing of Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD) - osteoarthritis

This form of arthritis used to be thought of as a permanent, gradually worsening condition affecting many animals (and people) as they get older - an inevitable result of the ageing process coupled with wear and tear on joints. In many ways this is true but many animal owners have reported greatly improved mobility in their animals when fed Glucosamine & Chondroitin. Human patients taking glucosamine report relief of pain as well as improvements in mobility.


Glucosamine & Chondroitin how do they help?
Providing additional Glucosamine speeds up the repair and renewal of damaged or worn articulating cartilage whilst additional Chondroitin helps to neutralise the destructive enzymes and improve the quality of the synovial fluid.

Supplementation of a combination of glucosamine and chondroitin - two naturally occurring and essential substances - has been shown to be most effective.

Since DJD, once started, is a permanent condition, the treatment is long term - the animal (or human) must stay on the maintenance dose for the rest of its life - the joint will revert back to its degenerative condition if supplementation stops.

Many veterinary surgeons routinely inject Polysulfated Glycosaminoglycan (chondroitin) directly into a DJD joint or one that has been operated on and therefore will inevitably become degenerative. However, it can also be given by intramuscular injection and, more importantly for the average animal owner, orally - you can add glucosamine and chondroitin to their food! The advantage of the latter being that all joints are treated, not just the one injected (William E Jones).

NEWS!
Recent UK field study scientifically proves the effectiveness of one particular glucosamine supplement...
Cortaflex... in maintaining original stride length and mobility.
Cortaflex can help maintain healthy joints and good joint mobility.

There have been other studies which have shown that, while injecting locally into an affected joint gives the quickest improvement (almost immediate!), there is no significant difference in the benefits gained over oral administration of glucosamine and chondroitin after about 30 days. Giving a supplement by adding it daily to feed is, perhaps, more reasonable than having an injection every month or so.

There is at least one major dog food manufacturer which now produces a special dog food for older animals which contains Chondroitin and Glucosamine and there are several brands of supplement on the market which are designed to be added to normal food - these are available for human, as well as equine and canine treatment.

Scientific evidence for glucosamine sulphate

Glucosamine sulphate and Arthritis
Evidence there is that glucosamine is an effective treatment for arthritis from the University of Oxford Clinical School Infomation Management Services Unit

Conclusion/summary
"The bottom line is that there is a body of evidence supporting the efficacy of oral and intramuscular glucosamine in arthritis."


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A search of PubMed at the National Library of Medicine reveals hundereds of scientific trials... here is a random selection...

Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfates in the treatment of osteoarthritis: a survey

de los Reyes GC, Koda RT, Lien EJ.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA.

For more than 30 years, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been used as standards in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). Serious and often life-threatening adverse effects due to these agents are common. Clinical findings have revealed that glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate are effective and safer alternatives to alleviate symptoms of OA. Experimental evidence indicates that these compounds and their low molecular weight derivatives have a particular tropism for cartilage where they serve as substrates in the biosynthesis of component building blocks. This paper is a literature review of the chemistry, mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy and safety of these two nutraceuticals.

Publication Types:
Review
Review, Tutorial

PMID: 11127967 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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Effect of glucosamine on interleukin-1-conditioned articular cartilage


Fenton JI, Chlebek-Brown KA, Caron JP, Orth MW.

Department of Animal Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA.

Glucosamine inhibits recombinant human interleukin-1 stimulated cartilage degradation in equine cartilage explants. Recently, recombinant equine interleukin-1 has been cloned and purified. Therefore, the objective of this study was to characterise the effects of glucosamine on indices of cartilage degradation in recombinant equine IL-1beta-stimulated equine articular cartilage explants. Cartilage discs were harvested from the weight-bearing region of the articular surface of the antebrachiocarpal and middle carpal joints of horses (age 2-8 years) and cultured under standard conditions. Explants were exposed to recombinant equine interleukin-1beta (reIL-1beta) on Days 1-4 in the presence or absence of glucosamine (0.25, 2.5 or 25 mg/ml), with appropriate controls. Nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, sulphated proteoglycan, stromelysin and gelatinase/collagenase activity released into conditioned media and total tissue proteoglycan content were measured as indicators of cartilage catabolism. Glucosamine inhibited cartilage catabolic responses in a dose dependent manner that was statistically significant at a dose of 0.25 mg/ml for stromelysin activity and 2.5 mg/ml for collagenase/gelatinase activity. At 25 mg/ml glucosamine also prevented IL-1beta-induced increases in nitric oxide production, prostaglandin E2 and proteoglycan release to media. Glucosamine prevents equine articular cartilage degradation experimentally induced by reIL-1beta in vitro. These data provide further support for the use of glucosamine in treatment or prevention of cartilage loss in athletic horses.

PMID: 12405690 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



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Glucosamine sulfate use and delay of progression of knee osteoarthritis: a 3-year, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study

Pavelka K, Gatterova J, Olejarova M, Machacek S, Giacovelli G, Rovati LC.

Department of Medicine and Rheumatology, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. pavelka@revma.cz

Over a three year period... 200 patients, 100 were given a supplement containing glucosamine the other 100 were given a placeboand the results monitored. Conclusion: Long-term treatment with glucosamine sulfate retarded the progression of knee osteoarthritis, possibly determining disease modification.


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Glucosamine. A nutraceutical in osteoarthritis

Phoon S, Manolios N.

Westmead Hospital, New South Wales.

BACKGROUND: Glucosamine is an amine-sugar that has been marketed as a natural product for the treatment of osteoarthritis. It has been popularized in the complementary section of pharmacies as a safe over-the-counter treatment for osteoarthritic pain. OBJECTIVE: We review the literature on the efficacy and safety of glucosamine in osteoarthritis. DISCUSSION: Recent research suggests that it may not only provide symptomatic pain relief, but may have a role in chondroprotection.

Publication Types:
Review
Review Literature

PMID: 12154601 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



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Glucosamine therapy compared to ibuprofen for joint pain

Ruane R, Griffiths P.

Primary Care and Community Pharmacy, King's College London.

To determine the effectiveness of oral glucosamine with ibuprofen for the relief of joint pain in osteoarthritis a mini-review (Griffiths, 2002) of double-blind randomized controlled trials comparing the two was undertaken. The population was adult patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis at any site. The outcome was arthritic pain reduction. Searches on Medline, Embase, AMED, the Cochrane Library and the Merck index identified four trials. Of these, two studies were obtainable and were included in the review. Both compared 1.2 g ibuprofen daily with 1.5 g glucosamine sulphate daily, in three divided doses. The combined number of participants in the studies was 218. The results of these studies showed glucosamine to be of similar efficacy to ibuprofen. The conclusion is that glucosamine is effective in relieving joint pain associated with osteoarthritis. Glucosamine's pain-relieving effects may be due to its cartilage-rebuilding properties; these disease-modifying effects are not seen with simple analgesics and are of particular benefit. In practice glucosamine can be used as an alternative to anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics or as a useful adjunct to standard analgesic therapy.

Publication Types:
Review
Review Literature

PMID: 11904551 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



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水療法的好處 (狗)

似犬和馬水療法
用medical/veterinary 術語, 水療法被採取意味疾病的治療, 或, 水。以它最簡單的形式這能沐浴您的動物使用商業可利用的草本香波或使用由您的狩醫規定對待一個具體皮膚情況的一次更強, 加有藥物的洗滌。

但是水療法的最共同的形式, 和多數樂趣為動物
並且所有者, 是...

游泳!
這是修復療法的形式特別適當為狗和馬恢復從情況- 特別是那些的範圍介入問題與肢體。所有動物能游泳由天性。多少他們享用它取決於他們的信心在水中和這可能被逐漸風土化增加。

游泳幫助改進一般健身和stamina, 改進肌肉緊張和是有用的在恢復從傷害或操作。肌肉副產品開始惡化了的3 在天內的任一鉗製因此防止它是重要對改建的進一步弱點或傷害, 通過安全鍛煉, 所有肌肉。最好游泳狗在激昂的水中因為冷水導致血管的收縮在制約血流使肌肉較不高效率的皮膚附近和對表面肌肉(那些在皮膚之下) 。但是馬通常游泳在冷水裡因為它幫助消散他們引起在施加- 更多之下比狗和以一個較不高效率的冷卻系統的極大的相當數量熱。所以您是可能發現激昂的水池為狗和冷水水池為馬。

鍛煉沒有重音
游泳是鍛煉的一個優秀形式因為大多肌肉通常被使用在運動是包含的- 沒有重音由跑造成在堅硬地面。在土地, 各個s步聲創造旅行肢體和由骨頭、腱和聯接吸收的衝擊波。當這些重音是必要維護健康, 強的骨頭(參見部分在相片之下) 如果嚴厲, 或反覆, 這些衝擊波可能損壞或實際上減弱肢體, 一關節炎聯合或特別一個恢復從傷害或手術。游泳允許"制定出" 和加強肌肉當避免這潛在地殘損的震蕩。並且, 由於對運動的增加的抵抗, 肌肉比他們會做在土地必須艱苦運轉。

心血管鍛煉

在水之下, 胸口是受到來自水的重量的壓力緊壓在內。這意味著, 每呼吸要求更多努力- 肌肉被使用, 特別在呼吸, 必須艱苦運轉(嘗試呼吸當某人坐在您的胸口) 。當任一塊肌肉加強以鍛煉, 這改進整體呼吸系統。

心臟
心臟必須艱苦運作為了適應對營養素的增加的需要由工作的所有肌肉。

如果所有這聽起來堅苦工作- 它是- 是想法! 為狗, 5 分鐘游泳與大約5 英哩奔跑是等效的, 為馬, 游泳與大約幾小時教育是等效的10 分鐘! 但水的自然浮力和事實突然的轉彎, 停止並且秋天是不可能的牌子水療法鍛煉的一個安全和有效的形式為馬或狗。它並且是非常令人愉快的為多數動物... 神色在這兩個游泳在水池6 英尺深...

游泳可能被使用作為一個計劃的fittening 的節目一部分
許多賽馬教練員和馴狗師使用游泳療法作為他們的動物的fittening 的政權的一規則部份和有目的被修造的水池在他們的前提以便他們能通常游泳他們的動物。但是所有有效的訓練計劃必須包含動物可能面對在競爭中重音的元素。所以, 例如, showjumpers 必須實踐跳躍並且改進他們的一般健身根據心血管和呼吸系統。這是因為骨頭是活組織和適應- "改造" - 以回應鍛煉。它是必要告訴骨頭何處重音區域是以便它可能改造和加強為準備"事件" 。這就是為什麼水療法不應該被使用獨自- 游泳加強肌肉但做很少為骨頭。您的動物必須並且有正常鍛煉在土地為了保持他們的骨頭強。

得到獸醫忠告
多數狗和馬相當愉快地將應付游泳作為鍛煉療法的形式。但是在一個老或不合適的動物情況下, 或你恢復從傷害或手術您必須得到忠告從您的狩醫在採取它游泳之前。如果在根本的任一疑義- 要求您的狩醫!

Canine and Equine Hydrotherapy
In medical/veterinary terms, Hydrotherapy is taken to mean the treatment of disease by, or in, water. In its simplest form this could be bathing your animal using a commercially available herbal shampoo or using a stronger, medicated wash which has been prescribed by your vet to treat a specific skin condition.

However the commonest form of hydrotherapy, and most fun for animal
and owner alike, is...

Swimming!
This is a form of rehabilitation therapy particularly appropriate for dogs and horses recovering from a range of conditions - especially those involving problems with limbs. All animals can swim by instinct. How much they enjoy it depends on their confidence in the water and this can be increased by gradual acclimatisation.

Swimming helps to improve general fitness and stamina, improves muscle tone and is helpful in recovering from injury or operation. Muscle wastage begins within 3 days of any immobilisation so to prevent further weakness or injury it is important to rebuild, through safe exercise, any muscles that have deteriorated. It is better to swim dogs in heated water since cold water causes constriction of the blood vessels near the skin and to the superficial muscles (those just under the skin) which restricts the flow of blood making the muscles less efficient. However horses are usually swum in cold water because it helps to dissipate the enormous amounts of heat they generate under exertion - far more than dogs and with a less efficient cooling system. Therefore you are more likely to find heated pools for dogs and cold water pools for horses.

Exercise without stresses
Swimming is an excellent form of exercise because most of the muscles normally used in movement are involved - without the stresses caused by running on hard ground. On land, each footfall creates a shock wave which travels up the limb and is absorbed by bones, tendons and joints. While these stresses are necessary to maintain healthy, strong bone (see the section below the photographs) if severe, or repetitive, these shock waves can actually damage or weaken the limb, particularly an arthritic joint or one recovering from an injury or surgery. Swimming allows the "working out" and strengthening of the muscles while avoiding this potentially damaging concussion. Also, because of the increased resistance to movement, the muscles have to work harder than they would do on land.

Cardiovascular workout
Lungs
Under water, the chest is under pressure from the weight of the water squeezing inwards. This means that every breath requires more effort - the muscles used, particularly in breathing in, have to work harder (try breathing while someone sits on your chest). As any muscle strengthens with exercise, this improves the whole respiratory system.

Heart
The heart has to work harder in order to meet the increased demand for nutrients by all the muscles which are being worked.

If all this sounds like hard work - it is - that's the idea! For a dog, a 5 minute swim is equivalent to about a 5 mile run, whilst for a horse, 10 minutes swimming is equivalent to about an hours schooling! But the natural buoyancy of the water and the fact that sudden twists, stops and falls are impossible makes hydrotherapy a safe and effective form of exercise for a horse or dog. It's also very enjoyable for most animals... look at these two swimming in a pool 6 feet deep...

Swimming can be used as part of a planned fittening program
Many racehorse trainers and dog trainers use swimming therapy as a regular part of their animals' fittening regime and have purpose built pools on their premises so that they can swim their animals regularly. However all effective training programmes must contain the elements of stress that the animal is likely to face in competition. That is why, for example, showjumpers must practise jumping as well as improving their general fitness in terms of the cardiovascular and respiratory system. This is because bones are living tissue and adapt - "remodel" - in response to exercise. It is necessary to tell the bone where the areas of stress are going to be so that it can remodel and strengthen in preparation for "the event". This is why hydrotherapy should not be used on its own - swimming strengthens muscle but does little or nothing for bone. Your animal must also have normal exercise on land in order to keep their bones strong.

Get veterinary advice
Most dogs and horses will cope quite happily with swimming as a form of exercise therapy. However in the case of an old or unfit animal, or one recovering from an injury or surgery you must get advice from your vet before taking it swimming. If in any doubt at all - ASK YOUR VET!



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秀麗神話: BOTOX 殺害動物

在上旬10月, 在引起全國媒介注意多星期試驗的結尾, 洛杉磯陪審團堅定BOTOX® 沒有導致好萊塢socialite 的斷言的致殘的偏頭痛頭疼, 放氣她的名人皮膚病學家低估產品的潛在地有害的副作用為了收集大費注射藥物的婦女的論據。


這第一次是那Allergan, 製造Botox 的製藥公司, 被迫保衛它的藥物在陪審員面前, 並且爾灣, 加利福尼亞藥物巨人清楚地喜歡以定案。但既使公司官員慶祝勝利, Allergan 必須現在面對民意法院在是無可爭辯的事實: 動物遭受和死在有力測試Botox 。並且當Botox 有嚴肅的治療應用, 這些動物模子越來越為□什麼嚴肅比使光滑在皺痕之外排行。

2003 年幾乎2.3 百萬化妝Botox 規程執行了, 37% 增量從2002 年。2003 年, Allergan 捕網了$564 百萬從所有Botox 銷售, 40% 是從Botox 化妝用品; 那是大約$226 百萬在淨銷售量為Botox 化妝用品單獨。在2004 年並且銷售被射出增加17%-24% 。

是否為治療或化妝應用, 各批Botox 必須被測試在Allergan 之前發布它給醫生和皮膚病學家; 確定的Botox-the 關鍵成份正確的有力是botulinum 毒素, 最毒的物質對人類Allergan 已知使用一個高度可疑的測試以LD50 著名, 單一目的將發現藥量殺害50% 動物被使用在測試。

您讀, 正確: LD 50 測試的終點 是死亡到50% 動物被使用。測試的全名是致死的藥量百分之50 。

美國的人道社會相信這必須結束, 並且 我們想要您的協助。我們敦促純淨地使用Botox 為化妝目的避免產品的消費者直到Allergan 停止測試它在動物。期間。

我們並且要求所有動物戀人寫Allergan 說服公司, 動物不應該死以秀麗的名義。終於, 我們要求讀者與糧食與藥物管理局聯繫要求代辦處資金, 研究和批准選擇對LD50 測試, 以便測試可能永久地退休。

"HSUS 承認, Botox 有對人是有利的幾醫療用途, 並且那些用途應該繼續," 說馬丁・Stephens, 博士HSUS 的動物研究問題副總裁。"僅我們知道還, 近藥物的一半是為秀麗改進。消費者需要知道, 動物是遭受和忍受可怕的死亡為人的虛榮的單一滿意。這簡單地得到停止。"

Botox 的痲痺的作用

美國糧食與藥物管理局(糧食與藥物管理局) 2002 年給Allergan 綠燈銷售Botox 化妝用品使光滑在皺眉線之外在前額(glabellar 線在眼眉之間) 。Botox 是唯一的botulinum 毒素產品被批准用於化妝美國。(糧食與藥物管理局已經早先批准了藥物至於治療使用譬如對待橫渡的眼睛和子宮頸dystonia 。)

儘管Botox 化妝用品糧食與藥物管理局的被限制的認同, 皮膚病學家和醫生定期地執行藥物為"標記" 用途譬如對待"魚尾紋" 在眼睛附近和緩和偏頭痛頭疼。每當過去常常對待皺痕, Botox 化妝用品持續只三個到六個月, 意味用戶必須至少每年兩次重覆射入過程維護他們的無皺痕面孔。

Botox, 或Botulinum 毒素類型A, 來自廢物細菌 紡錘狀細菌屬botulinum, 導致臘腸毒菌病食物中毒的同樣毒性副產物。Botox 運作在阻攔神經信號旁邊在腦子和肌肉之間, 有效地痲痺導致皺痕和某些醫療混亂的肌肉。由於Botox 由細菌被生產, 它比其他人被創造以有力一些批的變化的水平藥物, 換句話說, 強的。

確定適當的力量為各個小瓶Botox, Allergan 必須測試產品。

LD50 測試: 一不及格

一點資訊公開地是可利用的關於類型有力測試, 如果有, 糧食與藥物管理局要求Allergan 舉辦在Botox 。資訊行動請求重覆的自由由HSUS 對糧食與藥物管理局產生了一點恰當資訊。但是, 假設LD50 測試是國際標準為估計botulinum 毒素產品有力, 毫無疑問糧食與藥物管理局舉行Allergan 對這個標準。

是否糧食與藥物管理局託管測試, 我們知道, Allergan 使用LD50 測試Botox 批。這個測試介入給老鼠產品的唯一射入入他們的胃腸洞和看見如果動物死在3-4 天之內。老鼠首先被分配到各種各樣的小組的當中一個; 各個小組將接受產品的另外力量為了估計殺害目標群的一半的力量。力量(LD50 價值) 然後被認為一個唯一"單位" Botox; 從那裡, Allergan 包裝單位的一個指定的數字入一個小瓶至於人的使用。

大約100 隻老鼠常規地被使用了每測試, 並且有徵兆各批botulinum 毒素產品被測試更多比一次。Allergan 聲稱了對HSUS 公司顯著減少了這個數字。

所有測試完成在動物, 常規或古典LD50 是一個最殘酷。在Botox 測試, 動物忍受肌肉痲痺的不同的水平和遭受被削弱的視覺和乾燥嘴。模子做如此從窒息的動物, 在他們的膜片成為痲痺之後, 並且他們能不再呼吸。那些立刻不死也許衰弱以不同程度痲痺在是之前euthanized 在結尾的三對4 天的測試。

動物幸福提倡者競選廢除LD50 為更多比二十年。經濟合作與開發組織, 導致測試的推薦的一個國際貿易組織, 2002 年被決定從國際上 被接受的測試指南它的指南刪除LD 50 。

更多是什麼, 科學研究表示, LD 50 測試可能是不可靠的。實際上, 看Botox 有力的LD 50 估計 準確性 的一項研究認為, 測試單獨"不是一個充分方法為估計botulinum 毒素... 有力。"

根據技術和人道問題聯繫了LD50, 歐洲當局辨認了, 一旦確認, 會是可接受的作為替補在估計botulinum 產品的潛在的供選擇的測試。

潛在的替換全部利用更加現代的技術和洞察入botulinum 毒素施加它的對身體的作用的機制。或許最有為的替換是endopeptidase 分析用試樣。現代研究表示, Botulinum 毒素類型A 施加它痲痺的作用由打亂一分子攫取25 重要在傳送的神經信號對肌肉。endopeptidase 分析用試樣評估毒素樣品的能力打亂這個分子, 使用分子生物學和免疫學最新的工具。分析用試樣的開發商建議它能替換老鼠分析用試樣在botulinum 毒素測試。

使光滑在皺痕之外

Allergan 有告訴HSUS, 它"致力重大時間和資源往一個供選擇的分析用試樣的發展" 於LD50, 但公司拒絕分享所有具體關於它的計劃。它並且拒絕重覆的提議運作以HSUS 開發那些選擇。我們, 然而, 獲悉, Allergan 最近與阿倫・M. 戈爾登伯格聯繫, 約翰斯・Hopkins 中心的主任選擇的對動物測試, 關於幫助公司的可能性開發一個人道選擇對LD50。

使Allergan 對它的聲明負有責任, HSUS 決定公之於眾以它的Botox 競選。我們要求, Allergan 開發一個仔細地計劃的, 很好被資助的項目帶來一個或更多最有為的替換可選擇方法給實現在三年之內。

同時, 我們要求, Allergan 追求和蒼勁地運用提煉和減少方法使動物用途和遭受在Botox 有力測試減到最小。公司應該公開地還透露細節它當前動物測試Botox 化妝用品以便消費者能決定是否使用產品。

終於, 就此, 糧食與藥物管理局應該運作與Allergan 在努力往一個更加人道和技術上更加優越的供選擇的測試, 和改變它的由於Botox 有力的政策相應地測試。

什麼您能做

給Allergan 寫 表達您的對LD 的關心50, 服從動物對痲痺和死亡以便人們能看起來更加年輕。請與大衛E.I. Pyott, Allergan 的首席執行官聯繫, 和告訴他, 您不認為老鼠應該死以單獨虛榮的名義。您能與他聯繫通過地址和電話號碼在或通過我們 易使用的電子郵件形式之下。

聯絡:
大衛E.I. Pyott
首席執行官
Allergan, 公司。
2525 Dupont Dr 。
爾灣, 加州92612-1599
714-246-4500

如果您當前使用Botox, 或考慮使用它, 考慮避免產品直到LD50 不再使用測試它的有力。

與糧食與藥物管理局聯繫和告訴代辦處資助, 研究並且採取選擇對LD 50 測試以便它可能永久地被逐步淘汰。

想像, 您是一個動物unfortunate 足夠被使用在估計新批有力Botox® 化妝用品。 一種普遍的反皺痕治療, Botox 化妝用品的 有效成分—Botulinum 毒素—是一個最毒知道的物質。

首先, 毒性物質 或充分的產品被注射入您的胃。然後, 作為它追獵通過您的血液, 毒素 導致噁心和然後帶來在的肌肉痲痺波浪傳播在您的身體過程中。 終於, 在中三對四天測試, 您窒息對死亡。  

歡迎到測試 最共同的 化妝 做法醜惡的世界在美國—測試使用一個方法以"LD50 著名" 留下 至少 50% 它的 動物服從—老鼠—死。  新發展在HSUS 的 競選對末端Botox 測試 在動物 有潛力改變那個世界神色, 和幫助保護老鼠 免受 這可怕死亡。

一道 皺痕在致命測試

美國的人道社會工作結束 無人道的實踐 LD50 測試 Botox 化妝用品(和相似的Botulinum 基於毒素的產品) 從2004 年10月。  Botox Allergan, 被合併和—調控這個—產品的代辦處兩位製造者—美國糧食與藥物管理局(糧食與藥物管理局)—忽略了HSUS 叫投入中止對這測試在動物。

但 於2006 年1月, HSUS 做了突破。 2005 年, HSUS 遞交了提案給美國部門間統籌委員會在供選擇的方法的檢驗 (ICCVAM), 敦促代辦處追求供選擇的方法為測試這些產品。 代辦處 負責對開發和確認新測試方法。

於1月, ICCVAM 反應了由根本上採取HSUS 的提案。

在一臺 聯邦記數器裡 通知發布了1月27 日, ICCVAM 宣佈, 首先在調查潛在的選擇對LD50 測試Botox 類型產品, 代辦處將協調關於主題的一個專家的車間作為重要性。 然後ICCVAM 請求了反饋從感興趣的人對此計劃, 要求: 一個專家的車間是適當的第一步在過程中和, 如果那樣, 應該這次行動是重要性嗎?  

HSUS 利用了機會 鼓勵所有關心的人民反應ICCVAM, 和敦促他們前進與車間作為重要性, 和作為最高效率的方式辨認最有為的供選擇的方法。近三千有關人反應了這個電話, 和給ICCVAM 寫了支持車間在2006 年前3月13 日最後期限。您能觀看這些信件和關於ICCVAM 網站的 其它評論。

Allergan: 選擇的鑰匙?

這個公告打開門使Allergan 充當在新動議的一個大角色。Allergan 是在一個獨特的位置提供ICCVAM 請求在LD 50 測試和所有潛在的選擇 表現與Botox 類型產品測試有關的技術資訊。

作為Botox 化妝用品的唯一的生產商和所有Botulinum 毒素"類型A" 產品的主導的生產商, Allergan 得以進入對幾年的 會是無價的對對現狀的ICCVAM's 評估的LD 50 測驗資料。

而且, 以回應HSUS 競選, Allergan 宣佈了(沒有提供細節) 公司花成千上萬美元在選擇上對LD50。如果真實, 公司應該有剛好關於ICCVAM 尋找的潛在的供選擇的方法的資料。

HSUS 敦促Allergan 與ICCVAM 合作由分享它的關於它追求LD50 測試和選擇的表現的資料, 公司要求。 "ICCVAM's 宣佈了計劃為Allergan 提供優秀機會公開貢獻往顯現出並且確認的供選擇的方法為估計Botox 類型產品有力," 說Marin Stephens, 博士HSUS 的動物研究問題副總裁。

為他們的部份, ICCVAM 官員 與Allergan 聯繫在車間前作為他們的回顧過程一部分。

秀麗的價格

雖然Botox 有幾治療用途, 它的最共同的用途即是—化妝, 作為皺痕還原劑。2005 年Allergan 捕網$830 百萬美元從Botox 它的銷售。那數額, 百分之43%, 或$357 百萬, 是從化妝用途。這百分比 平穩地未增加自2002 年以來, 當糧食與藥物管理局批准Botox 對待皺眉線, 並且顯示停止的標誌。 Botox 化妝用品的作用持續只大約3 個月, 至於更多人民開始使用這個虛榮產品, 更是還可能尋求另外的治療維護他們的無皺痕神色。

"HSUS 承認, Botox 有對人是有利的幾醫療用途, 並且那些用途應該繼續," Stephens, "但近一半說藥物用途的, 並且動物痛苦, 是為秀麗改進。一個ICCVAM 車間使用Allergan 的資料有導致的一次好機會  對選擇的用途為估計所有Botox 類型產品, 不管應用。"

LD50 測試Botox 類型產品代表是精華安全測試數十年對做法的殘餘用途。 在這個測試, 很大數量的動物暴露於一種物質, 通常通過牽強哺養, 為了統計地估計殺害50% 動物的藥量; 因此名字LD50 或"致死的藥量50% 。" 更低估計的LD50 價值是, 更高毒力或, 在Botox 類型產品情況下, 更高有力。

最近幾十年來, LD50 測試廣泛被批評了在科學和人道地面, 並且因而, 它的用途是在decline 。 2002 年, 例如, 經濟合作與開發組織(問題國際上接受測試的指南為工業化學製品) 的貿易組織從它的指南刪除了 LD 50 測試。  

對LD 50 測試的 用途在2003 年估計Botox 化妝用品有力公開地被暴露了。 以下年HSUS 展開它的競選結束對測試的這種應用的用途。 最近ICCVAM 公告清楚地是在這次競選的受歡迎的突破, 並且HSUS 相信車間的確是明智的第一步在努力辨認和提煉選擇對致命的LD50 測試。

老鼠, 誠然, 不是 最普遍的動物。 而是作為英國的哲學家 傑里米・Bentham 一次著名說關於動物的治療, "... 問題, 可以他們不是辯解嗎? 亦不, 他們可以談話嗎? 但, 能他們遭受?" 在這種情況下, 沒有疑義, 老鼠 的確遭受。

什麼您能做

數以萬計您反應了我們的號召和給ICCVAM 和Allergan 寫了, 告訴他們車間是在有條有理並且Allergan 應該幫助由分享它的測驗資料。謝謝採取行動。您的熱心反應  產生了變化。

In early October, at the end of a multi-week trial that drew national media attention, a Los Angeles jury determined that BOTOX® did not cause a Hollywood socialite's alleged crippling migraine headaches, deflating the woman's argument that her celebrity dermatologist downplayed the product's potentially harmful side effects in order to collect large fees to inject the drug.
It was the first time that Allergan, the pharmaceutical company that manufactures Botox, had been forced to defend its drug before a jury, and the Irvine, California drug giant was clearly pleased with the verdict. But even as company officials celebrate the victory, Allergan must now face the court of public opinion over a fact that is indisputable: Animals suffer and die in the potency testing of Botox. And while Botox has serious therapeutic applications, these animals die increasingly for nothing more serious than to smooth out wrinkle lines.

Nearly 2.3 million cosmetic Botox procedures were performed in 2003, a 37% increase from 2002. In 2003, Allergan netted $564 million from all Botox sales, 40% of which were from Botox Cosmetic; that's approximately $226 million in net sales for Botox Cosmetic alone. And the sales are projected to increase by 17%-24% in 2004.

Yet whether for therapeutic or cosmetic application, each batch of Botox must be tested before Allergan releases it to doctors and dermatologists; to determine the right potency of Botox-the key ingredient of which is botulinum toxin, the most poisonous substance known to mankind-Allergan uses a highly questionable test known as LD50, whose sole purpose is to find the dose that kills 50% of the animals used in the test.

You read that right: The end point of the LD50 test is death to 50% of the animals used. The test's full name is Lethal Dose 50 Percent.

The Humane Society of the United States believes this must end, and we want your assistance. We're urging consumers who use Botox purely for cosmetic purposes to avoid the product until Allergan stops testing it on animals. Period.

We're also asking all animal lovers to write Allergan to convince the company that animals should not die in the name of beauty. Finally, we're asking readers to contact the Food and Drug Administration to demand that the agency fund, research and approve alternatives to LD50 tests, so that the test can be retired permanently.

"The HSUS acknowledges that Botox has several medical uses that are beneficial to humans, and those uses should continue," said Dr. Martin Stephens, vice president for The HSUS's Animal Research Issues. "But we are also aware that nearly half of the drug is for beauty enhancement. Consumers need to know that animals are suffering and enduring horrible deaths for the sole satisfaction of human vanity. This has simply got to stop."

The Paralyzing Effect of Botox

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) gave Allergan the green light in 2002 to market Botox Cosmetic to smooth out frown lines on the forehead (the glabellar lines between the eyebrows). Botox is the only botulinum toxin product approved for cosmetic use in the United States. (The FDA had already previously approved the drug for therapeutic uses such as treating crossed eyes and cervical dystonia.)

Despite the FDA's limited approval of Botox Cosmetic, dermatologists and doctors routinely administer the drug for "off-label" uses such as treating "crow's feet" around the eyes and alleviating migraine headaches. Whenever used to treat wrinkles, Botox Cosmetic lasts only three to six months, which means that users must repeat the injection process at least twice a year to maintain their wrinkle-free face.

Botox, or Botulinum Toxin Type A, comes from the waste of the bacteria Clostridium botulinum, the same toxic byproduct that causes botulism food poisoning. Botox works by blocking nerve signals between the brain and muscles, effectively paralyzing the muscles that cause wrinkles and certain medical disorders. Because Botox is produced from bacteria, it is created with varying levels of potency-some batches of the drug, in other words, are stronger than others.

To determine the proper strength for each vial of Botox, Allergan must test the product.

The LD50 Test: A Failing Grade

Little information is available publicly about the types of potency testing, if any, that the FDA requires Allergan to conduct on Botox. Repeated Freedom of Information Act requests by The HSUS to the FDA yielded little pertinent information. However, given that the LD50 test is the international standard for assessing potency of botulinum toxin products, there is little doubt that the FDA holds Allergan to this standard.

Whether or not the FDA mandates the test, we do know that Allergan uses LD50 to test Botox batches. This test involves giving mice a single injection of the product into their abdominal cavity and seeing if animals die within 3-4 days. The mice are first assigned to one of various groups; each group will receive a different strength of the product in order to estimate the strength that kills half of the targeted group. That strength (the LD50 value) is then considered a single "unit" of Botox; from there, Allergan packages a given number of units into a vial for human use.

Approximately 100 mice have conventionally been used per test, and there are indications that each batch of botulinum toxin product is tested more than once. Allergan has claimed to The HSUS that the company has significantly reduced this number.

Of all the tests done on animals, the conventional or classical LD50 is one of the most brutal. In Botox testing, animals endure differing levels of muscular paralysis and suffer from impaired vision and dry mouth. Animals who die do so from suffocation, after their diaphragms become paralyzed, and they can no longer breathe. Those who don't die immediately may languish with varying degrees of paralysis before being euthanized at the end of the three- to four-day test.

Animal welfare advocates have been campaigning to abolish the LD50 for more than two decades. The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, an international trade organization that produces testing recommendations, decided to delete the LD50 from its manual of internationally accepted test guidelines in 2002.

What's more, scientific studies show that LD 50 tests can be unreliable. In fact, one study that looked at the accuracy of LD 50 estimations of Botox potency concluded that the test alone "is not an adequate method for assessing the ... potency of botulinum toxin."

In light of the technical and humane problems associated with LD50, European authorities have identified potential alternative tests that, once validated, would be acceptable as substitutes in assessing botulinum products.

Potential replacements all take advantage of more modern technology and insights into the mechanism by which botulinum toxin exerts its effects on the body. Perhaps the most promising replacement is the endopeptidase assay. Modern research has shown that Botulinum Toxin Type A exerts its paralyzing effect by disrupting a molecule-SNAP-25-critical in transmitting nerve signals to muscles. The endopeptidase assay evaluates the ability of toxin samples to disrupt this molecule, using the latest tools of molecular biology and immunology. The assay's developers suggest that it could replace the mouse assay in botulinum toxin testing.

Smoothing Out the Wrinkles

Allergan has told The HSUS that it is "devoting significant time and resources toward the development of an alternative assay" to the LD50, but the company has refused to share any specifics about its plan. It has also refused repeated offers to work with The HSUS to develop those alternatives. We did, however, learn that Allergan recently contacted Alan M. Goldberg, director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing, about the possibility of helping the company develop a humane alternative to LD50.

To hold Allergan accountable for its statements, The HSUS decided to go public with its Botox campaign. We are demanding that Allergan develop a carefully planned, well-funded project to bring one or more of the most promising replacement alternative approaches to fruition within three years.

In the meantime, we are demanding that Allergan vigorously pursue and apply refinement and reduction approaches to minimize animal use and suffering in Botox potency testing. The company also should publicly disclose the details of its current animal testing of Botox Cosmetic so that consumers can decide whether or not to use the product.

Finally, for its part, the FDA should work with Allergan in efforts towards a more humane and technically superior alternative test, and to change its policy on Botox potency testing accordingly.

What You Can Do

Write to Allergan to express your concerns about the LD50, which subjects animals to paralysis and death so that people can look younger. Please contact David E.I. Pyott, chief executive officer of Allergan, and let him know that you don't think mice should die in the name of individual vanity. You can contact him via the address and phone number below or via our easy-to-use e-mail form.

Contact:
David E.I. Pyott
Chief Executive Officer
Allergan, Inc.
2525 Dupont Dr.
Irvine, CA 92612-1599
714-246-4500

If you're currently using Botox, or thinking about using it, consider avoiding the product until LD50 is no longer used to test its potency.

Contact the Food and Drug Administration and tell the agency to fund, research and adopt alternatives to LD 50 test so that it can be phased out permanently.



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關於接種資訊和關心

對獸醫接種的一種全部方法
由Clare Middle BVMS, 垂度Hom, 垂度Ac 博士。

巨大的變動應該是進行中與協議狩醫使用關於寵物的接種根據證據建議, 唯一接種為嚴肅的地方性疾病應該被執行和然後只或者一次在一生或在多數每三到五年(5)(8) 。

|出口|
刺激為減少接種是, 各種各樣的報告顯示嚴肅的免疫系統鎮壓在寵物和人的重大數字起因於定期每年或規則接種 (1) (9) (10)。

這應該是主流常規獸醫學一個美妙的故事合併與全部健康原則對有希望地將樹立一個榜樣為人的醫療工作我們的伴侶動物的極大未來好處。

常規醫學故事直到現在
當我畢業了作為狩醫20 年前, 我看見了慍怒和病毒肝炎幾條狗模子, 和似貓的腸炎貓模子。我看了parvoviral 傳染狗模子的巨大的數字。在每日必須對待幾室充分小狗死於難處理的嘔吐的和通過的血液為糞之後, 沒有我曾經會建議不接種的健康小狗為parvovirus 的方式, 運作得很好和有最小的副作用的接種。

現在, 二十年後, 那裡缺乏地是任一慍怒或肝炎在狗和很少似貓的腸炎在貓在澳洲。多數首都能被宣稱免於慍怒和感染病毒肝炎在狗, 以非常偶爾的小爆發在國家鎮(Dr P. Little, CSL) 。

有時常但很少parvovirus 小爆發在幼小小狗在一些城市郊區如果曾經在成熟狗, 並且那些小狗的生存率影響高級比它□去□常。

"沒有驚奇" 言流行病學家和史學家。歷史上, 傳染病路線跟隨了經典"響鈴" 被塑造的圖表, 以對案件的慢慢地逐漸變細的減少在頁的右邊。有趣的是, 這張圖表通常是相似的形狀不管疫苗被使用了或不是在特殊流行性期間。

我認為以狗接種, 他們傾向於轉移疾病從接種, 對小狗很好關心對低社會經濟的小組主要未注射過的口袋在社區。但是, 有充足的證據表示, 在人的疾病許多流行性, 接種未幫助減少疾病的發生並且重覆的接種惡化了它(是, 配齊)(10)。

如此, 現在, 我們傾向於認為我們的寵物有一個高水平健康因為有感染流行病的一個低水平, 但他們是沒有與我們不同由於他們現今有過敏的一種高速率, 癌症和慢性而不是深刻疾病。

有好證據即然所有接種和藥物和商業被處理的食物用漸增地降低我們的寵物免疫系統 (1)。

至少二次勘測, 一個在美國 (9) 和一個在英國 (1), 表示, 有非常統計地重大上升在動物中被提出對狩醫為各種各樣的憔悴在星期之內跟隨他們的每年接種, 推斷接種降低了他們的能力承受疾病。

出版獸醫研究顯示了自動免疫的溶血貧血症的 率在狗 與接種和同樣lymphosarcoma 腫瘤成長 顯著連接在接種站點在貓。 (2) & (3)

一些動物有嚴厲 過敏反應 在接種以後並且一些也許之後是沉寂或有熱病2 或3 天。這些標誌應該由狩醫嚴重採取和被注意關於病歷和向藥物公司報告因為這些反應將傾向於是嚴厲的在下接種以後。它並且會是有用他們向似犬健康關心報告進行勘測(1) 和對有害藥物反應當局。

那裡有是狩醫一個盲點不邏輯上關聯症狀發生在接種和其它藥物以後, 並且這是討厭對公眾和不是好PR 為獸醫行業。

全部健康故事直到現在
數十年, homoeopaths 被教了"vaccinosis 的"概念哪些是期限意思 疾病由接種造成。 我是使用homoeopathy 對待動物以長期或困難的條件12 年, 和一再導致了改善在他們的條件使用對vaccinoses 的補救。

換句話說, 慢性疾病一定, 一部分, 由接種造成。

許多自然治療師知道, 重覆的接種可能是慢性過敏和其它疾病的起因的一部分, 並且這由對人和動物的研究現在支持了 (1) (9) (10)。

我吃許多年被提供寵物所有者使用常規接種選擇為唯一極大威脅生活的疾病, 並且/或者homoeopathic nosodes 與仔細地平衡的自然飲食(沒有被裝罐的或乾被處理的寵物食品) 被結合改進自然免疫。

我是非常不願意再常規地接種狗遭受一被懷疑的vaccinosis, 但這總是所有者的選擇。

對獸醫接種協議的全世界變動

近年來, 表示的研究被執行了, 流通的抗體對被接種的病毒是存在在多數狗和貓3 到5 年在他們的前接種以後。許多貓對似貓的腸炎是免疫的為他們的一生在一接種以後。 (5)

幾當局譬如科羅拉多大學獸醫學校、美國和Massey 大學獸醫學校, 紐西蘭, 改變了他們的接種協議從每年到三週年紀念(每3 年) 為狗和貓。

這些推薦根據清液抗體水平, 是測量的免疫單程, 但它由一些認為對疾病的自然免疫總之可能存在沒有可測量的抗體滴定量。這是一項基本免疫學原則, 高抗體滴定量發生當一個成熟健康免疫系統被質詢; 它像有用不是易察覺的根據現有的高滴定量在挑戰之前, 是什麼每年接種生產。

它並且不是易察覺的接種幼小動物在減少母親抗體之前因為發育未全的系統無法應付- 所以自然做了母親抗體!

使用 homoeopathic nosodes 增添母親抗體然後使用殺害, 理想地單價, 接種在母親抗體decline 如果需要被證明減少嚴厲疫苗導致的immunocompromisation 在有傾向養殖 (9)。使用homoeopathic nosodes 只如同預防像常規接種證明在幾次勘測是signifigantly 一樣有效的在防止傳染病 (7) (8), 雖然研究入更多種類和疾病是需要的。

它能被爭論, 我們當前的常規接種協議不根據酣然的免疫學原則。

這個觀點由理查・itcairn, 是微生物學副教授的獸醫博士舉行並且被專門研究在免疫學方面在華盛頓州大學獸醫學校。他成為了醒悟以常規免疫學和接種和轉向homoeopathy 。他純淨地homoeopathically 現在跑動物自然健康中心在俄勒岡、美國和實踐。他多年來訓練了許多獸醫在homoeopathy 。 (6)

一些寵物所有者也許選擇使他們的動物有 抗體驗血 當是每年接種時間。如果水平是高, 那麼動物明年回來有驗血。接種只被執行如果水平是低。這個方法由狩醫使用在有對訴訟的關心由動物所有者有害地起反應對接種他們無法否則證明是必要的其它國家。

對獸醫接種的一種聯合方法
它被顯示, 更多接種為不同的疾病同時被執行, 較不可能的他們是工作和更加可能減弱免疫系統 (8)。

這是顯然的特別在狗被給狂犬病、細螺旋體病和均勻破傷風接種, 並且慍怒、肝炎、parvo 和二狗窩咳嗽被給在澳洲的美國。

這意味著它是醫療上不健康的接種為非地方性疾病譬如慍怒和肝炎因為 parvo 組分是較不可能是有效的。

接種為 狗窩咳嗽在狗 醫療上是因此不太聲音因為它是也許減弱更加有用的parvo 分數的額外疫苗(或二), 並且狗窩咳嗽不是一種威脅生命的疾病。看起來, 常規狗窩咳嗽接種不是非常有效的因為儘管狗窩所有者堅持, 狗被接種在boarding 之前, 狗窩咳嗽是仍然一個問題(常識!!) 。

更加有效會是刺激免疫系統由對即維生素C 的用途(250mg 為一隻小貓對2000mg 為一條大狗, 每日兩次), 免疫興奮劑草本像echinacea, 蘑菇萃取物並且/或者距骨(四分之一對整體人的藥量根據動物的大小) 並且homoeopathic 狗窩咳嗽nosode (藥量作為下面) 。

全部接種節目
任一個接種節目應該為專門製作個體, 但下列是一個寬廣的指南。

I 推薦因此homoeopathic nosodes 在8 個星期年齡和如果必須常規地接種的小狗為parvovirus 只在12 個星期年紀(ie 不是為distemper/hepatitis/kennel 咳嗽), 另外一年後然後每3 年爾後, 或使用homoeopathic nosodes 只為慍怒, parvo 和狗窩咳嗽。

我認為它重要有 每年核對 因為這將保存所有者由及早防止從長遠看花費問題。 預防醫療保健比醫院護理以後證明便宜 - 要求任一個政府! ( 寵物保險 高度被推薦, 如同所有者能然後預算他們的寵物的年度費用) 。

Homoeopathic 30C (或其它有力依照由實習者規定) nosode 可能由所有者每日兩次口頭執行3 天, 一次每週在一個月然後月度在6 個月和然後每6 個月為狗生活的剩餘或在增加的風險之前即與狗窩咳嗽, 移動的房子聯繫, 顯示等。

它現今不是道德地可能運載嚴密的古典研究確切地顯示多麼有效的homoeopathic nosodes 是在防止疾病, 但幾個真實情況顯示了對慍怒的發生和發生的重大減少在RSPCA 磅對利茲對狗 (4)。

許多biodynamic 農夫使用homoeopathic 鏈球菌並且葡萄球菌30C 在奶牛水低谷或飼料減少體細胞計數在牛奶 (7) 裡。

從個人經驗, 我有狗一再捉住狗窩咳嗽儘管每年C5 接種的幾位狗交配動物者, 但當給口頭homoeopathic 狗窩咳嗽nosodes, 少量狗非常遭受了狗窩咳嗽所有症狀幾年來在末端。

平衡的自然飲食沒有被裝罐的或乾被處理的食物幫助狗的自然免疫對疾病。

為貓, 我推薦homoeopathic nosodes (通常30C) 似貓的腸炎、貓流感(calici 和herpes 病毒), 似貓的愛滋病和似貓的白血病。

平衡的未加工的肉飲食加上藥物和化學製品用法的自然草本補充和低估產生大變化對貓的自然免疫對疾病。

為貓特別有傾向對貓流感, 常規接種也許幫助(給當他們是好的) 並且可能似貓的白血病接種為得到在貓戰鬥與未知的健康狀態貓的貓。

保留貓主要裡面幫助減少疾病傳播和需要接種為白血病和幫助野生生物。(我曾經人體工學決定最佳的選擇為個體) 。

任一接種應該只被給當動物免於完全任一個深刻或慢性疾病的標誌並且不是在麻醉劑或其它藥物的同時。

它總是有利每日兩次給維生素C 上述 藥量, 免疫促進的草本和並且homoeopathic thuja 30C 為一天前面, 接種的天和2-3 天隨後而來。這可能減輕 下落在定期地 發生在多數正常動物4 天在接種的淋巴細胞活動(CSL 資料以後) 。

很多我們的客戶年年帶來他們的寵物為 人體工學屏幕, 藉以我們使用肌肉反應測試檢查動物能量領域看什麼vaccinations/treatments 會是最佳為那個動物那時。 這是我過去常為我自己的家庭和寵物確定最佳的療法的方法。

選擇接種節目的道德考慮
決定應該由所有者, 不是狩醫最後做出, 並且所有者應該然後支持在那個決定。

我們全部有我們自己各自的真相。

我有所有者要我接種他們的動物的許多案件並且我不要對, 既使當我解釋了我的看法很好。它完全是他們的權利選擇。

它重要, 實習者不使用他們的患者作為他們自己的療法緩和他們的有罪良心為我們有overvaccinated 作為社會的事實。

我們必須各個動物和所有者和把個體看作。

我們必須記得, 它是非常驚恐使某些人民從一個安全和可預測的常規協議行動和承擔對他們自己和他們的寵物的健康的責任。如果我們太迅速推擠他們, 他們也許撤退進一步入他們的老方式。

我有Weimeraner 小狗死了於接種反應10 天在接種的一個客戶(由死後之後證實在Murdoch 大學) - 這養殖可能被負擔以一種先天地微弱的免疫系統和倖存者必需的廣泛的治療為同樣問題。她堅持安排替換小狗充分地被接種常規地和在有我們消炎它之後。狗有高度異常, 嚴厲崗位外科傳染可歸屬對一個被降下的免疫系統儘管適當的手術, 抗生素並且免疫支持和所有者是確信的她做出正確選擇接種。

它不是我們的工作判斷或強制。

許多反接種運動家說, 狩醫年年接種掙金錢。 這也許是真實的對幾貪婪的個體(誰存在在少數在所有社會地位) 僅我遇見了的多數狩醫, 並且我遇見了一個市場少數在20 年, 真正地在這裡幫助動物。

有舒適在接種做我們感受我們保護動物。 我們現在有證據相反, 我們能改變我們的想法以問心無愧。

多數狩醫工作長時間, 不是在非常高薪水並且主角非常緊張生活由於在幾小時以後運作和承擔很多責任。

自殺是在珀斯至少, 行業被迫執行勘測發現解答的這樣問題。

被減少的收入以破產也許收效在狩醫之中在理論上如果每年接種被減少在頻率, 但我不認為必須發生如果狩醫能繼續提供一個關心和更加全部的資訊基地為寵物所有者, 並且逐漸和 thinkingly 改變重點到預防物或"健康維護" 醫學。

作為一位全部獸醫, 我意識到可能改善幫助動物比純淨地常規醫學的多血症自然療法形式。

已經, 有狩醫並且成為的其它實習者非常成功地合格了和實踐的按摩脊柱治療者、針刺、craniosacral 療法, Bowen 療法, homoeopathy, herbology, 花精華等在動物。

有並且不充分地被運用譬如生物化學的屏幕為liver/kidney/panceas 疾病、忠告在鍛煉和飲食為老年醫學的患者防止關節炎和其它服務的許多其它預防措施可利用。
A HOLISTIC APPROACH TO VETERINARY VACCINATION
by Dr. Clare Middle BVMS, Dip Hom, Dip Ac.

Huge changes should be afoot with the protocol vets are using regarding vaccination of pet animals in light of evidence to suggest that only vaccination for serious endemic disease should be carried out and then only either once in a lifetime or at most every three to five years (5)(8).

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The incentive for reducing vaccination is that various reports show serious immune system suppression in significant numbers of pet animals and humans resulting from routine annual or regular vaccination (1) (9) (10).

This should be a wonderful story of mainstream conventional veterinary science merging with holistic health principles to the great future benefit of our companion animals which will hopefully set an example for human medical practice.

The Conventional Medicine Story Up Until Now
When I graduated as a vet 20 years ago, I saw several dogs die of distemper and viral hepatitis, and cats die of feline enteritis. I saw huge numbers of dogs die of parvoviral infection. After daily having to treat several rooms-full of puppies dying of intractable vomiting and passing blood for faeces, there was no way I would ever suggest not vaccinating healthy puppies for parvovirus, a vaccination which worked well and had minimal side-effects.

Now, twenty years later, there is scarcely any distemper or hepatitis in dogs and very little feline enteritis in cats in Australia. Most capital cities could be declared free of distemper and infectious viral hepatitis in dogs, with a very occasional small outbreak in country towns (Dr P. Little, CSL).

There are small outbreaks of parvovirus in young puppies in some city suburbs from time to time but rarely if ever in mature dogs, and the survival rate of those puppies affected is higher than it used to be.

"No surprise" say epidemiologists and historians. Throughout history, the course of infectious disease has followed the classic "bell" shaped graph, with a slowly tapering reduction in cases on the right-hand side of the page. Interestingly, this graph is usually a similar shape whether a vaccine has been used or not during a particular epidemic.

I think with dog vaccinations, they tend to shift the disease away from the vaccinated, well-cared for puppies to the low socioeconomic group of largely unvaccinated pockets in the community. However, there is ample evidence to show that in many epidemics of human disease, vaccination has not helped to reduce the incidence of disease and repeated vaccination has worsened it (yes, true)(10).

So, now, we tend to think our pets have a high level of health because there is a low level of infectious epidemic disease, but they are no different from us in that nowadays they have a high rate of allergies, cancer and chronic rather than acute disease.

There is good evidence now that all the vaccinations and drugs and commercial processed foods used are cumulatively lowering the immune systems of our pets (1).

At least two surveys, one in USA (9) and one in England (1), have shown that there is a very statistically significant rise in animals being presented to vets for a variety of sicknesses within the weeks following their annual vaccination, inferring that the vaccination has lowered their ability to withstand disease.

Published veterinary research has shown the rate of autoimmune haemolytic anaemia in dogs to be significantly linked with vaccination and likewise the growth of lymphosarcoma tumour at the vaccination site in cats. (2) & (3)

Some animals have severe allergic reactions soon after vaccination and some may be quiet or have a fever 2 or 3 days afterwards. These signs should be taken seriously by vets and noted on medical records and reported to drug companies because these reactions will tend to be more severe after the next vaccination. It would also be helpful to report them to Canine Health Concern who are conducting a survey(1) and to adverse drug reaction authorities.

There has been a blind spot of vets not logically correlating symptoms occurring after vaccination and other drugs, and this is annoying to the public and is not good PR for the veterinary profession.

The Holistic Health Story Up Until Now
For decades, homoeopaths have been taught the concept of "vaccinosis" which is a term meaning disease caused by vaccination. I have been using homoeopathy to treat animals with long-term or difficult conditions for 12 years, and have repeatedly caused improvement in their conditions using remedies for vaccinoses.

In other words, the chronic disease must, in part, have been caused by vaccination.

Many natural therapists have been aware that repeated vaccination is likely to be part of the cause of chronic allergy and other diseases, and this is now backed up by research in humans and animals (1) (9) (10).

I have for many years offered pet owners a choice of using conventional vaccination for only the diseases that significantly threaten life, and/or homoeopathic nosodes combined with a carefully balanced natural diet (no tinned or dried processed pet food) to improve natural immunity.

I have been very unwilling to conventionally vaccinate again a dog suffering a suspected vaccinosis, but it is always the owner's choice.

Worldwide Changes to Veterinary Vaccination Protocol

In recent years, research has been carried out which has shown that circulating antibodies to vaccinated viruses are still present in most dogs and cats 3 to 5 years after their last vaccination. Many cats are immune to feline enteritis for their whole life after one vaccination. (5)

Several authorities such as Colorado University Veterinary School, USA and Massey University Veterinary School, New Zealand, have changed their vaccination protocol from annual to triennial (every 3 years) for dogs and cats.

These recommendations are based on serum antibody levels, which is one way of measuring immunity, but it is thought by some that natural immunity to disease in general can exist without measurable antibody titres. It is a basic immunological principle that high antibody titres occur when a mature healthy immune system is challenged; it is not sensible to base existing high titres prior to challenge as useful, which is what annual vaccination produces.

It is also not sensible to vaccinate young animals before the waning of maternal antibody as the immature system cannot cope - that is why nature made maternal antibodies!

Using homoeopathic nosodes to augment maternal antibody then using killed, ideally monovalent, vaccination if necessary at decline of maternal antibody has been proven to reduce severe vaccine-induced immunocompromisation in prone breeds (9). Using homoeopathic nosodes only as prophylaxis has been shown in several surveys to be signifigantly as effective in preventing infectious disease as conventional vaccination (7) (8), although research into more species and diseases is needed.

It could be argued that our current conventional vaccination protocol is not based on sound immunological principles.

This viewpoint is held by Dr. Richard Pitcairn, a veterinarian who was Associate Professor of Microbiology and specialized in immunology at the Washington State University Veterinary School. He became disenchanted with conventional immunology and vaccinations and turned to homoeopathy. He now runs the Animal Natural Health Centre in Oregon, USA and practices purely homoeopathically. He has trained many veterinarians in homoeopathy over the years. (6)

Some pet owners may choose for their animal to have an antibody blood test when it is annual vaccination time. If levels are high, then the animal comes back next year to have a blood test. Vaccination is only carried out if levels are low. This method is employed by vets in other countries where there is concern about litigation by owners of animals who react adversely to a vaccination they cannot otherwise prove was necessary.

An Integrated Approach to Veterinary Vaccination
It has been shown that the more vaccinations for different diseases are administered at the same time, the less likely they are to work and the more likely to compromise the immune system (8).

This is evident particularly in the USA where dogs are given rabies, leptospirosis and even tetanus vaccinations, as well as the distemper, hepatitis, parvo and two kennel coughs that are given in Australia.

This means it is medically unsound to vaccinate for non-endemic disease such as distemper and hepatitis because the parvo component is less likely to be effective.

Vaccinating for kennel cough in dogs is therefore even less sound medically because it is an extra vaccine (or two) which may weaken the more useful parvo fraction, and kennel cough is not a life-threatening disease. It appears that conventional kennel cough vaccination is not very effective because despite kennel owners insisting that dogs be vaccinated before boarding, kennel cough is still a problem (general knowledge!!).

Much more effective would be to stimulate the immune system by the use of eg vitamin C (250mg for a kitten to 2000mg for a large dog, twice daily), immune stimulant herbs like echinacea, mushroom extracts and/or astragalus (one quarter to a whole human dose depending on size of animal) and homoeopathic kennel cough nosode (dose as below).

Holistic Vaccination Program
Any vaccination program should be tailored to the individual, but the following is a broad guide.

I therefore recommend homoeopathic nosodes at 8 weeks of age and if required conventionally vaccinating puppies for parvovirus only at 12 weeks old (ie not for distemper/hepatitis/kennel cough), then again one year later then every 3 years thereafter, or using homoeopathic nosodes only for distemper, parvo and kennel cough.



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